History Notes Midterm

History Notes Midterm - 1Jessica Martin HY 204- Dr. Dorr...

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1Jessica Martin HY 204- Dr. Dorr IMMIGRATION AND URBAN AMERICA (1870-1914) Beryl Lassin 1905 (Russia) 22 yr old locksmith, political persecution of the Jews in his area, Beryl goes to America to make money to get his wife to America. 10 days in steerage of a boat, landed at Ellis Island. Went through immigration process and passed, was left alone in NY, met his brother. Got a job and an apartment, after a year, got his wife. Five children, wife died after childbirth. Beryl had to send kids to foster home, finally got to get them back, and renamed himself Ben Lawson. Got hurt on the job, pulled kids out of school and had to go to work. Children were American citizens, finally made enough money to get to Harlem and then the Bronx. Never learned English, only spoke Yiddish. Grandson became a professor at Rutgers. 26 million immigrants from 1870-1914. First wave: northern and western Europe second wave: southern and eastern Europe -1/2 million Mexicans to southwest -1/2 million Spaniards, Cubans, Bahamians to florida -260.000 Japanese to west coast. 1910: 1/3 population foreign born, most lived in cities, cities changed in a drastic way; even rural Americans were moving into the cities. Farmers were having a hard time because of the machinery taking over jobs. Nashville and Atlanta were big southern cities. Looked different, skyscrapers were being built. Streetcars made cities sprawl instead of growing upward. Suburbs came about as well. NY was the main immigration hub. women constitute 30-40% The Decision to Immigrate Political and religious persecution -Russia Economic Forces -overpopulation, unemployment, and disease -demand for unskilled labor pulls immigrants to US Ellis Island Process 1 st - check for lice- if there was lice, hair was cut short or shaved, then cleaned with soap 2 nd - Physical 3 rd - Mental Fitness-list of questions to decide what your personality is like 4 th - Eye Exam- painful, button hooks- pulled eye open, looked for contagious disease from the eye. Button Hooks were not sterilized. If you passed, you are free to go to NY, if you fail, you are in detention, or even deported. Every Ethnicity has it’s own segregated part of the city (little Italy, Chinatown, etc) There, you could find people to help you find a job, housing, food, and friends. All kinds of organizations helped the new immigrants. Mutual Aid societies helped provide
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shelter, insurance, a lot like community centers. Cubans had the Cuban club in Tampa, it held dances, had baseball teams, and a bank. Every community had its own newspaper, to keep up with the news in their native country and with what was going on in the community. They were all in their native language. However, not everything was so great. Cities were nasty, and crowded. Everything is in English in the city, bad traffic, including horses trolleys and pedestrians. Tenement house- Narrow, six story building. 4 apartments to 2 bathrooms per floor. 2-3 families
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History Notes Midterm - 1Jessica Martin HY 204- Dr. Dorr...

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