PHL 100 - PHL 100-Intro to Philosophy. Dr. Robert Sharp....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PHL 100—Intro to Philosophy. Dr. Robert Sharp. rsharp@Ua.edu Final Will be comprehensive. But Studying for it will be easy. Thales of Miletus- successfully predicted a solar eclipse in 586 BC “all things made fo water” Democritus- everything made fo atoms Parmenidus- all things are one Heraditus- all things are flux “cant step in the same river twice” Basic element is fire Socrates- born 470 BC died 399 BC Ethics Plato- b 428 bc 348 Ethics Relativism Objectivism Good is relative (by culture) Good is a fact whether you agree or not Subjectivism Relative by individual…. .most religious views. Piety—reverence to God (or gods) Who is Euthyphro? Diviner What is he doing? Prosecute his father for murder. What is Socrates doing? Trial for corrupting youth and impiety E’s 1 st definition: proceed against those who do unjust things and not doing so is impious Anthromorphic—Gods act like Humans. Plato’s Theory of Forms Cave Metaphor. Chained only to face that wall. Two people can only face that wall. People behind them hold up images of horse, behind fire. They see shadow of horse. From their perspective that’s what a horse is. That’s all they know, that’s all they see. One guy exits cave. Sun is up. Gonna be blind kinda. At first he will not recognize it is a horse. Later he realizes that it’s a real horse. Dude tells him what hes seeing. They probably wont believe him.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
They may kill him. The young ones are most likely to believe him. Most people get most of their info from parents and experience. (society and senses). Plato and Socrates think senses deceive us. Reason Forms-Univeral ideals that are perfect and unchanging. Transcendent—exist outside space and time. Review: Theory of forms---permanent and unchanging Good Under good Love Justice Different types under that 2 nd Definition—dear to gods= pious. Not dear= impious. Socrates hateful=impious. Socrates is using argument form meaning Reductio ad absurdum Reduction to the absurd. Gods differ about x; God A loves X, God B hates X. X = is loved; X = hated. If its loved its pious, if its hated its impious. (contradiction) Likely to be on test: 1. Think about the following: is pious loved by the Gods because it is pious, or 2. is it pious bc it is loved by the Gods. If it is pious, then it is loved-------objectivism If it is loved by gods, then it is pious. --------relativism. Missed Friday
Background image of page 2
Apology- defense speech Who is Socrates (Athenian perspective)? Poor, unfashionable, ugly, goat-man Why is he here (Athenian)? Pelleponnesian War Who are prosecutors? Meletus, Anytus, Lycon Socrates has to address his own reputation. They think hes a smartass. Hes defending himself. Refers to sophists Looks like philosophy or wisdom—paid teachers of rhetoric. Persuasive speech. Doesn’t intend to teach people, or get paid for what he does.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course PHL 100 taught by Professor Sharp during the Spring '07 term at Alabama.

Page1 / 15

PHL 100 - PHL 100-Intro to Philosophy. Dr. Robert Sharp....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online