Kant_Study_Guide - Study Guide for Kant Double check the...

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Study Guide for Kant: Double check the list of Kant terms. Knowing those helps when reviewing Kant. Make sure you know the definition of each term and what that definition means. All of what follows is according to Kant: The will is good in of itself, not as a means to other ends (pg. 7). What does that mean? Good in itself and end in itself are the same thing. Make sure you are clear on it, and how it works. Also, how does that relate to morality more generally? Lying is irrational so it makes it wrong. Means is don’t lie, end is not lying. Remember that reason, morality, humanity, autonomy, and will are all the same thing for Kant. Reason is a technical term, referring to that part of the mind that recognizes logical problems (as well as language connections, math, etc...but logic is the key part for morality). Will is our volition, our power to make choices solely on our own. By linking it to reason, Kant is suggesting that we are only really free (autonomous) when we follow our reason. Note the similarity with decarte. (most free when we do the right choice). With Kant we get most knowledge from within. For Kant uneducated is just as good as educated (comes from within) Technically, then, will and reason are different, even though they are part of the same process. Reason is the pure logic check we can make on our actions, while will is our ability to carry out the choices reason tells us to make. Reason makes us human. Were rational beings bc we already are rational beings. The object of humanity is not happiness, because the essence of humanity is reason and reason does not lead us to happiness (pg. 8-9). This is what leads Kant to see desires and reason as motives that are in tension with each other (not always opposite, but sometimes). Reason is more important than desire. Desire and inclination are the same thing. Still, not all desires are immoral. Only desires that are incompatible with reason are immoral. A desire like wanting to sleep on a certain side of the bed would not be immoral.
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