Midterm1

Midterm1 - Social Work History 1 Running Head: THE SOCIAL...

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Social Work History Running Head: THE SOCIAL WORK HISTORY Midterm Examination ADELPHI UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK 1
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Social Work History (Question # 2) Social Welfare Policy and Philosophy role of government Social Welfare policy was established by English poor laws, which placed policy to raise money by taxes, and was given to people in need. Americans were free to shape their national destiny both geographically and institutionally. Between the inception of the republic in 1789 and the Civil War in 1861, Americans devoted vast energy to problems of poverty, street children and orphans, individuals with mental illness, crime, illiteracy, and alcoholism. Most of the programs and policies were local and state legislatures in the time period. The involvement of government was minor, meaning it was a lazzie fare type government, and locals (the conservatives) took it upon themselves to tackle social problems on their own (Jennison, 2005). American society was rationalistic in the 19 th century. The Northeast and south were characterized by different social and economic patterns. New Englanders, who had developed factories and industries by the 1860, were concerned with developing in their shipping, and manufacturing industries in the face of efforts by England and other European nations to sabotage the emerging American industry. To make Americans dependent on them for manufactured items, and refused to allow the export of machines and technology to America, and discouraged the development of American shipping industry (Jennison, 2005). All states had its own independent government, and business men who had factories, and created goods for the public were unable to ship their products due to European nations looking out for their own interests. They wanted for Americans to be dependent on Europe for goods. The northern hemisphere produced agricultural staples such as corn, wheat beaf, and pork. Settlers on the western front sought cheap land and a ready supply of credit to purchase and develop it, pressured federal governments and state legislatures to provide militia to fend of Native Americans. They also sought federal and local funds to build roads and canals so they could ship products east and throughout. 2
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Social Work History The Progressive era The progressive era embraced a variety of antimonopoly, city beautification, civil service, governmental, and social reform. Progressives advocated prohibition, laws to outlaw prostitution, and efforts to limit immigration, along with policies to limit child labor, correct unsafe working conditions, and obtain unemployment insurance (Jennison, 2005). Poverty was viewed as a society dysfunction. Many Americans were middle class living during the development of large corporations, and large urban immigration populations, and. political machines and trade unions supported various progressive reforms. The immigration bore the brunt of industrialization in the Northern and Midwestern
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course SWK 500 taught by Professor T during the Spring '08 term at Adelphi.

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Midterm1 - Social Work History 1 Running Head: THE SOCIAL...

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