History 11- Midterm Review

History 11- Midterm Review - Loyalists Internal enemies of...

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Loyalists - Internal enemies of the revolution because they were not ready to accept the new separation. Agreed with pieces of both so could never entirely believe in their cause. An example would be that they opposed parliaments plan to tax the colonies but did not agree that independence was the only way to secure their constitutional rights. Trenton- One American victory by Washington that boosted morale and further forced Britain to remove all of its New Jersey garrisons to New York. New Jersey loyalism never returned after the British evacuated. Saratoga- This battle was prominent for its diplomatic and military significance. Victory convinced France that America could win the war! This was just the beginning as France joined in fighting the British and Spain followed to show allegiance to France. This created a powerful coalition of enemies for the British. Monmouth- The battle of the Monmouth courthouse ended the contest for the North. This battle lasted six hours in 100 degree heat until Clinton broke it off giving the British their last easy victory. Yorktown- 6000 trapped British troops held off 8800 Americans and 7800 French for three full weeks before surrendering with honor. This drained the will of England’s overtaxed people and forced Britain to negotiate for peace. Phillis Wheately- Americas best known poet at the time of the revolution. Linked the liberty sought by Americans with that of the slaves. Despite her fame she died in poverty as a slave. Northwest Ordinance- Congress defined the steps for the creation and admission of new states. The Northwest Territory is defined as north of the Ohio River. This would allow for the later development of states. Forbid slavery but statehood allowed for the choice. Virginia Plan- Called for a strong central government rather than the states. Madison established this idea and literally gave Congress the power to veto any state regulation. The Federalist- A series of 85 newspaper essays penned by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay. Important in articulating arguments for the constitution that addressed concerns of powers and limits of the federal government therefore shaping a new philosophy of government. Two purposes: Defend the rights of political minorities and prevent a stubborn minority from blocking progress. Joseph Brant- Mohawk chief that lead Iroquois to supporting Britain. Lafayette- A young French aristocrat by the name of Marquis de Lafayette who joined Washington’s staff. His presence indicated that the French recognized America’s independence and would declare war on Britain. Before he supported this he wanted proof that American could in fact win a major battle which finally occurred not too much later in the Summer of 1777. Burgoyne-
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course HIST 11 taught by Professor Hudson during the Fall '07 term at CSU Fresno.

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History 11- Midterm Review - Loyalists Internal enemies of...

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