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Chinese Study guide - Chinese Study guide#2 An Lushan a...

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Chinese Study guide #2 An Lushan : a military leader of Sogdian Turkic. He defeated the north eastern border from the Khitan During the Tang Dynasty. He was also involved in the An Shi Rebellion in 755 which weaken the Tang Power and called himself the emperor eventually was murdered by his son. Although his rebellion was eventually crushed, it forced the Tang to became overdependent on the good will of provincial governors and military commanders, thus irretrievably eroding the Tang’s central authority. Bodhidharma: he was the Buddhist monk traditionally credited as the transmitter of Chan to China. He was a south Indian monk who journeyed to southern china and subsequently relocated northwards. He was primarily active in the lands of the Northern Wei Dynasty. Champa rice: is a quick-maturing rice that can allow two harvests in one growing season . Originally introduced into Champa from India , it was later sent to China as a tribute gift from the Champa state. Chan: a school of Mahayana Buddhism notable for its emphasis on practice and experiential wisdom. It deemphasizes both theoretical knowledge and the study of religious texts in favor of direct individual experience of one’s own true nature. Cheng brothers Dunhuang: was made prefecture by Emperor Han Wuidi, and was a major point of interchange between China and the outside world during the Han and Tang dynasties. Located near silk roads, it was town of military importance. For centuries Buddhist monks at Dunhuang collected scriptures from the west, and many pilgrims passed through the area, painting murals inside the Mogao Caves or "Caves of a Thousand Buddhas ." Emperor Xuanzong: was sixth emperor of the Tang Dynasty, Empress Wu’s grandson. Reigning from 712 to 756, was the longest. he was credited to bring Tang to a pinnacle of culture and power. He was greatly affected by Yan Guifei, one of his consorts in his later reign and was
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