MMW 14 Midterm - Notes to Final Exam Study Guide - KEY TERMS Britains Moral Impasse in India British East India Company This was the device the British

MMW 14 Midterm - Notes to Final Exam Study Guide - KEY...

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KEY TERMS Britain’s Moral Impasse in India British East India Company This was the device the British used to create a dominant role in Indian government and society They came over as a monopolizing company, but ended up as the dominant voice in government This trading company was a major source of income for the British empire and helped them to fund other imperialist endeavours as well as the running of their own country created a great imbalance of wealth in India , the British got much more rich as the Indian population lost all of their land to production of products such as Opium and began to starve off their minimal wages these were semi-private investors that worked in collusion with the British government Sepoy Mutiny 1857 Indian sepoys refused to follow protocol for how to tear off packaging for cartridges for guns BECAUSE OF RELIGIONNNNN (Hinduism) Were supposed to tear off with teeth but rumors that the packaging was made of cow or pig fat made them not want to Became very violent, used arms from British against them - MORAL OF THE STORY:don’t fuck with peoples religion because they will fuck shit up for you - pissed because of the cow/pig fat thing Massacre at Cawnpore 500 British civilians massacred #oops #dontfuckwiththeindians Expedition to suppress uprisings in India which were successful (this and the Sepoy Mutiny above ^^) Led to shift from indirect to direct imperial control in 1858 British Viceroyalty in India System of direct taxation Before: profits from East India Company to taxation over land, harvest; goes to British colonial government Transformation of Indian economy into a ca$h-crop (one or two for export) economy From just for subsistence before Producing important commodities (tea, coffee, opium) mostly for export Infrastructure for transporting: railroads, hospitals, schools, more centralized irrigation system, telegraph Enlist support of local elites Provide elites with amenities of life (clothing, sporting events) British education (but not for many of them)

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