MMW 14 Midterm - Notes to Final Exam Study Guide - KEY...

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KEY TERMSBritain’s Moral Impasse in IndiaBritish East India CompanyThis was the device the British used to create a dominant role in Indiangovernment and societyThey came over as a monopolizing company, but ended up as the dominant voicein governmentThis trading company was amajor source of income for the British empireandhelped them to fund other imperialist endeavours as well as the running of theirown countrycreated a great imbalance of wealth in India, the British got much more rich as theIndian population lost all of their land to production of products such as Opiumand began to starve off their minimal wagesthese were semi-private investors that worked in collusion with the BritishgovernmentSepoy Mutiny 1857Indian sepoys refused to follow protocol for how to tear off packaging forcartridges for guns BECAUSE OF RELIGIONNNNN (Hinduism)Were supposed to tear off with teeth but rumors that the packaging was made ofcow or pig fat made them not want toBecame very violent, used arms from British against them-MORAL OF THE STORY:don’t fuck with peoples religion because they will fuckshit up for you-pissed because of the cow/pig fat thingMassacre at Cawnpore500 British civilians massacred #oops#dontfuckwiththeindiansExpedition to suppress uprisings in India which were successful(this and the Sepoy Mutiny above ^^)Led to shift from indirect to direct imperialcontrol in 1858British Viceroyalty in IndiaSystem of direct taxationBefore: profits from East India Company to taxation over land, harvest;goes to British colonial governmentTransformation of Indian economy into a ca$h-crop (one or two for export)economyFrom just for subsistence beforeProducing important commodities (tea, coffee, opium) mostly for exportInfrastructure for transporting: railroads, hospitals, schools, morecentralized irrigation system, telegraphEnlist support of local elitesProvide elites with amenities of life (clothing, sporting events)British education (but not for many of them)
Policy of religious toleration and tolerance for local customs and ritualsTo gain support of elite; let them continue to performSati ritualsCustom of concremation (widow-burning)Tradition for widows to throw themselves into a fire to join him in heavenly joyjust in case she lost resolve, they were tied to the stake ( → not voluntaryD: dat ain’t cool bro)Protect her reputation and reputation of family (mostly upper class)Social pressuresWomen were not trusted to remain loyalShows how they viewed women as inferiorthought they were weak in resolve, subject to passionsSUCKS TO BE A WOMEN BACK THENRaja Roy’s critique of satiFather of Modern India

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Term
Fall
Professor
cohen
Tags
First Opium War

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