Monks& Warriors

Monks& Warriors - Hi all, Look! Here are some notes on...

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Hi all, Look! Here are some notes on similarities between monastery and comitatus (war band) and monks and warriors. Keep your Xerox packet handy, and you may want to refer to some of our primary sources too. As you'll see, some of the main features of Early Medieval Society we looked at in class today are surveyed here. This subject is also one of the topics on our final exam. These notes belong with the end of the material on monasticism (in our XP p. 25a) and The Rule of St. Benedict. Please refer also to XP 25b and 41a. I think this material is all pretty straightforward, and you should refer to the Life and Rule of St. Benedict and the History of the Franks for examples which illustrate the general characteristics outlined here. If you have questions, by all means ask! MONASTERY AND COMITATUS Early Medieval society stressed the collective whole of society over the individual: Those who fight (military protectors ) Those who pray (spiritual protectors) Those who work (to provide food for all). Monastery and comitatus are 2 typical models of social organization of the Early MA Completely different from Roman legal-bureaucratic imperial society: No centralized state No rational and impersonal basis of authority--law, political tradition of the state Not a city-centered society, but rural society. Localism prevails rather than universal standards and structures of govt. Conditions of war, anarchy, absence of effective govt . Need for protection and order made these forms of social organization important. Both were rural, localized, small-scale closely-bound communities . Authority was patriarchal—traditional, and charismatic (e.g. Clovis and St. Benedict)-- ( not rational-law based, bureaucratic govt. such as Roman imperial govt. was.) These types of social organization represent solutions to problems from the collapse of Roman govt. Strong local, self-sufficient communities provided a remedy for weak govt. and social org. They provided practical protection and support in rural settlements. Main similarities: close personal bonds , both are communities modeled on family (kinship) ties: brotherhood of members: absolute obedience of members to leader was required—unquestioning obedience in the warband military discipline was necessary in the monastery obedience was the means of maintaining humility (for overcoming pride) and also represented the individual's self-sacrifice of his/ her will in serving God. oaths of loyalty and obedience in membership formalized with solemn personal oaths, oaths with sacred character, absolute personal commitment: oath of commendation (see XP 33a) for warband; monastic vows for monastery the collective goal of both groups was WAR: all members devoted to one and the same collective goal literal warfare of the comitatus, the spiritual warfare of monks (against evil, temptation)
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Rutenburg during the Spring '05 term at Maryland.

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Monks& Warriors - Hi all, Look! Here are some notes on...

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