Platonism etc

Platonism etc - Hi Students! Well, we ran out of time today...

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Hi Students! Well, we ran out of time today and I didn't get to tell you about the weirdness of Manichaeanism and the details of Platonism. Most of the essential points are in the e-mail help. And here are a few details about each system. Manichaeanism: Mani was a 3rd C. Persian "prophet" with a gnostic Xtn. heresy . He died in 277--executed by the Persian King. The Manichaeans were also outlawed by the Romans. Gnostic refers to a religion with the idea that salvation is based on secret knowledge, known by an elite and not by "everyone else"--so salvation is restricted to a small elite of enlightened "chosen ones". There are many different kinds of gnosticism--Jewish, Christian, Pagan. The Manichaeans believed that there were two divine powers, one good=light and one evil=darkness. They imagined that while the two powers and their respective realms were originally separate, the powers of darkness invaded the realm of light and kidnapped some of the light-- particles of light. They brought the particles of light back down to earth--the realm of darkness where they were trapped. Trapped especially in fruits and vegetables--but not meat or flesh of any kind. The Manichaean elect believed that their mission was to ingest particles of light and return them to heaven when they were saved. They alone knew the truth about the evilness of the material world, flesh, the body--all the creation of the evil god of darkness and the prison of kidnapped light particles. Yes, they believed that "god" consisted of particles of light--they were materialists (see Augustine, Confessions p. 65). They believed that strict asceticism was the key to disempowering the forces of darkness and carnality--no sex allowed at all to the elect, and none of them ate meat. They preferred fruits with a very high "light particle" content--evidently they thought melons and cucumbers were particularly rich in particles of light (no, I'm not kidding!). But they refused to pick the fruits and vegetables themselves--they made the outer circle of followers who were not full-fledged
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Rutenburg during the Spring '05 term at Maryland.

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Platonism etc - Hi Students! Well, we ran out of time today...

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