psych take home3

psych take home3 - 1 Cassandra Leaman R96884677 Joe Leva...

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1 Cassandra Leaman R96884677 Joe Leva R99122409 1. Psychology and Life defines personality as “a complex set of psychological qualities that influence an individual’s characteristic patterns of behavior across different situations and over time (Gerrig and Zimbardo 435).” Personality consists of characteristics that distinguish an individual. For example, my group of friends consists of many unique individuals. They are unique in the fact that they have different characteristics or traits that set them apart from each other. My friend Sally is quiet, while Mary is spontaneous. Sally’s personality, in my opinion, is that she is quiet, and Mary’s personality is defined by her spontaneous. 2. Freud’s psychoanalytic theory states “the core of personality is the events within a person’s mind (intrapsychic events) that motivate behavior (Gerrig and Zimbardo 445).” Sometimes people are aware of their motivation, but other times the motivation is at a sub-conscious level, but “all behavior was motivated (Gerrig and Zimbardo 445).” He says behavior is motivated by psychic energy and tension systems, which inborn drives are created by the organs of the body. The two drives are self-preservation (hunger/thirst) and Eros, the driving force of sexual desire. Sexual urges seek pleasure and physical contact through the libido. Freud basically feels human behavior and personality is driven by sex. Freud also believes in the unconscious state and discussed the development of personality according to a series of five developmental stages through which every child went on the way to adulthood. These stages are known as Psychosexual Development,
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2 and you progress through each stage. Freud explains if a person gets stuck in a stage, it will affect their personality later in life. He describes this with the term fixation. The stages of development are the oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. During these stages Freud describes “personality differences arise from the different ways in which people deal with their fundamental drives (Gerrig and Zimbardo 447).” Freud explains these differences through parts of the personality known as the id, superego, and ego. The id is the storehouse of the fundamental drives and acts irrationally on impulse. The superego is the storehouse of an individual’s values, including morals. The ego, a reality based aspect of self, helps the conflict between id impulses and superego demands. The ego is responsible for defense mechanisms. The social environment of the child during each stage, and particularly his or her relationship with parents, had a large effect on the development of personality. The oral stage takes place when the baby is first born until he or she is one years
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course PSYC 110 taught by Professor Dr.tellish during the Spring '07 term at Scranton.

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psych take home3 - 1 Cassandra Leaman R96884677 Joe Leva...

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