3_Sep04t

3_Sep04t - Tuesday 04 September 2007 INTL 4680 Security...

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Tuesday 04 September 2007 INTL 4680 Security Studies What is Security Studies? The survival of agents that has been the dominant explanatory tool for understanding behavior For much of the discipline, the agent has meant sovereign states Security is a matter of high-politics; central to policy-making and the priorities they establish What Does It Mean to be Secure? Security Studies is threats to survival but those threats are far reaching The lines between International Relations, Political Science and Security Studies have been blurred o Globalization has led to internal issues becoming externalized and external issues internalized: Broadening – Referent objects and the means to security beyond the state Deepening – Questioning past assumptions as a possible cause of insecurity Approaches to Security Studies Traditional o Traditional theoretical perspectives focus on security relations among states States work to sustain security against external and internal threats Components of state security include safety, autonomy, development and rule The most influential theoretical perspectives on security are Realists, Liberalists, and Marxists Peace Studies Critical Security Gender Security Human Security Securitization The Realist Perspective Traditional Realist Perspective o Anarchy shapes a distinct international politics o The pressures and constraints of the international system determine states’ security goals and relations o International community is limited in favor of sovereignty o State competition creates security dilemmas (i.e.: arms races)
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o The structure of the international system is the distribution of power Hegemon will spread too widely and be easily defeated by rising powers o States disagree about what a suitable distribution is and how much power each state needs Realist disputes (the offensive and defensive cleavage) o The durability of unipolarity o The mediation of the impact of systemic factors on a state’s behavior by domestic influences
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3_Sep04t - Tuesday 04 September 2007 INTL 4680 Security...

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