INTL4680_Sep25t

INTL4680_Sep25t - Tuesday 25 September 2007 INTL 4680 Notes...

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Tuesday 25 September 2007 INTL 4680 Notes Geography and Demographics 6 Republics: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovinia, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia 2 Autonomous regions in Serbia: Vojvodina and Kosovo Many ethnic groups: Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, etc. Serbs largest in country but not majority Complications: boundaries of ethnic groups not the same as boundaries of republics Ancient History Prior to WWI: area dominated by Austro-Hungarian (NW) and Ottoman (SE) Empires No history of fighting, groups not enemies First Yugoslav State Formed at the end of WWI Marriage of convenience, entered into willingly by all parties Big challenges: o Economic o Political: what would this new state look like? Serbs: wanted strong, centralized state to protect Serb minority populations in other regions Others: wanted decentralized state to protect against Serb domination o Solution: a strong, centralized state Serb preferences won out (this time) Other groups not happy, but try to work together to iron out problems WWII Hitler invades Yugoslavia in 1941 o Installs puppet regimes in Serbia and Croatia Croat state (Ustasha): cleanse Croatia of Serbs Serb paramilitaries (Chetniks) organize and fight Ustasha o Horrific fighting, bitter memories. Irony: Ustasha not popularly chosen Tito and the Partisans o Communists
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o Integrating force o
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