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Unformatted text preview: Tuesday, Janua ry 22, 2008 Robert Bates – Instrumentalism • Ethnic conflict increases because of modernization • Modernity – greater rate of urbanization, higher levels of education, greater per capita of income, greater political participation, greater media participation, greater employment in industrial sector (cluster of desired goods) • Ethnic conflict is not supposed to occur, but when it does it’s a result of irrational behavior • Gellner – states become more modern, civic identity begins to form • Geertz – ethnic conflict increases because of modernization • Marxist – when ethnic conflict does occur in modern society, it’s false consciousness (conflict isn’t about ethnicity, it’s about classes) • Ethnic competition – competition between ethnic groups for goods and resources that are scarce o Relative deprivation – how you perceive your status relative to the status of other groups • Ethnic groups – groups that are organized around a common set of interests, believe they...
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- Spring '08
- Sociology, Ethnic group, Ethnic nationalism