RacialInequality_ANG - XianHuiAng SOC273:Paper1 ProfessorDanielLong , .T

RacialInequality_ANG - XianHuiAng SOC273:Paper1...

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Xian Hui Ang SOC273: Paper 1 Professor Daniel Long Racial Inequality In Achievement Although it has already been 150 years since President Abraham Lincoln issued  the Emancipation Proclamation, racial inequality still surfaces in today’s society,  especially in the country’s achievement gap. The national and state government have  attempted to resolve this issue - by implementing programs such as Race to the Top and  No Child Left Behind or even busing students across school districts – but to no avail.  This paper studies the historical event that led to this issue and also its present cultural  and structural factors. A suggestion to close the racial achievement gap will also be  included at the end of this paper.  During slavery, there was an enacted law that prohibited slave education. It was  illegal to teach African-Americans to write. Although they were allowed to read and  draw, they acquired those skills without any formal guidance. This form of social control  was the first step that put African-Americans on an educational disadvantage for many  generations. Even though they had access to formal education after emancipation, they  were only taught basic literacy. The schools were occupied by blacks – the blacks were  completely segregated from the white community; the resources they utilized in school  were outdated; the only time they could attend school was during agricultural growing  season. African-Americans were once deprived of formal education. When they finally  had access to it, the quality of education they had prevented them from compensating  their lost education while the whites had been progressively achieving for decades.  Besides that, although the enslavement period has ended, racial stigma is still ingrained in
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Xian Hui Ang SOC273: Paper 1 Professor Daniel Long society even until this day. The combination of these events has contributed to the  cultural and structural factors that further widened the racial achievement gap in the  United States.   As mentioned by Thernstrom and Thernstrom, “the cultures of groups are shaped  by historical memories and are slow to adjust to new realities” (121). Because of this,  there are many cultural factors that lead to the racial achievement gap – and one of them  is the increasing number of single-parent households with many children. Matriarchy  seems very common in black families, most likely due to divorce, teenage pregnancy or  even high incarceration rate of black men. My interpretation is that during slavery,  women had no sexual rights and their masters took sexual liberty of them. This resulted 
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  • Spring '14
  • Sociology, The Opportunity, Race and intelligence, Xian Hui Ang, Achievement gap in the United States

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