INTL4280_Jan29 - Tuesday, January 29, 2008 Fearon & Laitin...

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Tuesday, January 29, 2008 All constructivism imply that history matters Null hypothesis – social construction of identity doesn’t have any effect on conflict o Only tested it on six cases Why does the public follow these leaders if they know the leaders are using ethnic identity as a tool Ethnic identity – social categories o Social categories – groups of people who are distinguished from other groups of people by: Rules of membership – say who is and who is not a member Objective characteristics – language, religion, race (myth of common origin) Obligations – bind members How members of that group value themselves relative to other groups o Seems like primordialism Simple constructivism vs. everyday primordialism o Everyday primordialism – everything that we assume to be natural is a construction If all these categories/identities are a given, then why do they change? Identities are not static, so it explains the variations in conflict
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course INTL 4280 taught by Professor Mitchell during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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INTL4280_Jan29 - Tuesday, January 29, 2008 Fearon & Laitin...

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