PS_07 - Nicholas Samanis: Do Ethnic and Nonethnic Civil...

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Nicholas Samanis: Do Ethnic and Nonethnic Civil Wars Have the Same Causes? Identity wars are due to political grievances rather than lack of economic opportunity. Having undemocratic neighbors or neighbors at war increases risk of having ethnic civil war. o The lack of a democracy is a significant predicator to the onset of ethnic civil war Positive association between level of heterogeneity with ethnic conflict THEORETICAL DISTINCTION BETWEEN IDENTITY AND NONIDENTITY WARS Ethnicity - Horowitz o “ethnic groups are defined by ascriptive differences…” o “is close to Max Weber’s conception of “subjective belief” in “common descent”…ethnicity embraces groups differentiated by color, language, and religion; it covers “tribes,” “races,” “nationalities,” and casts.” Ethnic War – Sambanis o “war among communities (ethnicities) that are in conflict over the power relationship that exists between those communities and states.” Ethnic War – Kaufman o “opposing communities in the ethnic civil conflict hold irreconcilable visions of the identify, borders, and citizenship of the state. They do not seek to control the state whose all sides accept, but rather to redefine or divide the state itself.” Ethnic War – State Failure Project o Episodes of violent between governments and national, ethnic or other communal minorities (ethnic challengers) in which in which the challengers seek major changes in their status. . . Rioting and
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course INTL 4680 taught by Professor Bloom during the Fall '07 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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PS_07 - Nicholas Samanis: Do Ethnic and Nonethnic Civil...

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