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PS_10 - Reading 11 Russell Hardin One for All The Logic of...

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Reading 11: Russell Hardin One for All: The Logic of Group Conflict Chapter 6 Ethnic conflicst commonly lead to mere competition, but sometimes they lead to violence. Various possibilities are considered. Hobbes: Anarchy leaves not barrier to institutional barrier to conflict so that violence can become the lowest common denominator. Self-defense against POSSIBLE attack suffices to motivate murderous conflict—especially since ethnic groups that depend on spontaneous organization cannot make credible guarantees about what they may do ( Security Dilemma). Ex: IRA, The Croatian gov that opted for succession, and then preemptively turned on the Serbs within Croatia, Lebanon, Azerbaijan and Armenia, Rwanda and Burundi, Iraq etc. One need not hate the other group, but only fear their potential for threat. o Fixed-Sum: ex: conflicts in which there is a fixed supply of land available. But fighting over land destroys resources, where total gains are swamped by total losses = negative sum. o Tipping Point: a phenomenon such as residential segregation by race that leads to ethnic conflict. Ethnic Hatred: The problem with this thesis is that the for most groups in conflict relations have been good for much of history. Many participants in grisly wars even deny hate.
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