• Security dilemma- a situation in which each party’s efforts to increase its own security reduce the security of the others. It occurs when geographical, technological, or other strategic conditions render aggression the most advantageous form of self-defense. • Behavior under the security dilemma is shaped by the strategic situation, the participants’ perceptions of that situation, and their expectations of each others’ likely behavior in that situation. • It is often difficult to separate security-drive and predatory motivations, since long-term fears may drive security-seekers to take every opportunity to exploit others in an effort to build up their reserve of strategic resources, even when they face no immediate security threat. • Three ways to solve the security-dilemma: o Establish a sovereign authority capable of enforcing peace o Devise a situation where the parties can provide for their own security through defensive measures. o
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