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PS_22 - 29 Kaufmann"Possible and Impossible Solutions to...

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29. Kaufmann—“Possible and Impossible Solutions to Ethnic Civil War” The three ways ethnic war ends is either victory by one side of the conflict, temporary military suppression by a third party, or self-governance of separate communities. Kaufmann concludes that the best action to take is to demographically separate the ethnic groups because an intermingled population causes a security dilemma in which identities would be further hardened and the chances for ethnic cleansing and opportunity for combat are most likely to occur. Kauffman examines the significant role identity plays in ethnic wars, in comparison to ideological wars. Unlike identity in ideological wars, ethnic identity is the most rigid and is unchangeable. Because it is fixed by birth and can depend on religion, culture, parentage, or language, trying to persuade loyalty at the individual level does not play a factor in ethnic war. There is no shared mobilization between the warring ethnic groups.
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