08healthbw2 - Reminders Health Effects of Wine Introduction...

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1 Health Effects of Wine Introduction to Winemaking, VEN 3 Andrew L. Waterhouse University of California, Davis " The best medicine is wine. " ALCAEUS: Greek lyric poet, 6th Century B.C. 2 Reminders Midterm next Tuesday Coverage from 1 st lecture to today’s health lecture Multiple choice test Bring ID and scantron! Seating will be assigned-TA will post seating chart on class website this weekend Grapevine cuttings in a few weeks Outline Brief history Alcohol consumption Health problems Health benefits Properties of Wine Mysterious production Blood-colored liquid Medicinal solvent • Most concentrated form of alcohol until distillation discovered by Arabs in ~1100 (1300 in EU) Historical Perspective Historical Trends Wine or other alcohol consumed in dilute form as the primary beverage until ~1650 (coffee) Moderate wine consumption recommended for health (safety) Heavy use discouraged (in general) Wine used as a medicine and medium for other medicines Wine as Food Wine production preserved sugar calories over a year's time The alcohol in wine has most of the calories • Sweet wines have extra calories in the sugar Ethanol has 7 cal/gm • Ethanol cannot be stored • Other calories are stored when ethanol is present Caloric Value
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2 Standard Drinks 1 drink = 80 calories • 2 drinks per day 160/2000, 8% of calorie intake • 5 drinks per day, 400/2000, 20% of calories For Equivalent Amounts of Alcohol Serving (oz) Alcohol % Alcohol (g) Wine 4 12 11.5 Beer 12 4 11.5 Spirits 1.25 40 12 Equivalency Alcohol amounts are equivalent Usage patterns are very different • i.e. only 2% of DUI arrests involve wine Wine consumption patterns • With Food •A t Hom e • Not the Focus Alcohol Amount or Usage? Absorption vs Metabolism Absorption is the incorporation of alcohol into the body - we measure only what is in blood Metabolism is the breakdown of the alcohol to other compounds • Acetaldehyde and then acetic acid (acetate) Absorption of Alcohol Results in Percent BAC
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course BIS 1b taught by Professor Kimsey during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

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08healthbw2 - Reminders Health Effects of Wine Introduction...

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