07world history

07world history - 1 1 History of Wine James Lapsley UC...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 1 History of Wine James Lapsley UC Davis Extension & Department of Viticulture and Enology University of California, Davis 2 Lecture Topics Early Cultures: Egypt and Sumer Wine in a trading economy: Greece and Rome Bottles and New Wines: Champagne and Port France in the 1800s: The Transformation The Twentieth Century 3 Major Themes Wine as a western beverage Wine as a social beverage: Culture and use Wine as an economic beverage: Level of social organization and stability required, under and over supply Grape diffusion Quality wine: changes over time Science and technology 4 A note on sources Edward Hyams DIONYSUS, 1965 William Younger GODS, MEN AND WINE, 1966 Tim Unwin WINE AND THE VINE, 1991 Warner Allen A HISTORY OF WINE, 1961 Leo Loubure THE RED AND THE WHITE Patrick McGovern ANCIENT WINE 5 Dispersal of Viticulture Dispersal of Viticulture (Unwin 63) (Unwin 63) 6 Beer or Wine? Wine Wine Beer Beer 3-4 years for a vineyard 4 years for a vineyard Annual harvest Annual harvest Process all at once Process all at once Use as needed Use as needed Generally large scale Generally large scale Made at home Made at home easily easily Higher alcohol: 10 Higher alcohol: 10-14% 14% 2-3% 3% Color of blood/religion Color of blood/religion No religious No religious significance significance Upper class Upper class Inexpensive Inexpensive 2 7 Tomb Painting, Egypt 15th Cent B.C.E. Tomb Painting, Egypt 15th Cent B.C.E. (Hyams 58) (Hyams 58) 8 Crushing Platform and Catch Basins in Israel 9 Crushing platforms and Cisterns: Note woman in upper basin 10 Pressing Must: Egypt 2000 B.C.E. (Unwin 72) 11 Effects of Overindulgence in 2000 B.C.E. (Unwin 72) 12 Some Conclusions About Early Cultures Most early cultures were grain based Wine production took more resources than beer Wine was used by upper-class, generally a theocratic society Wine, with its higher alcohol and color, was used in religious ceremonies 3 13 Some Good Advice from 2000 bc Do not get drunk in the taverns in which they drink beer, for fear that people repeat words which may have gone from your mouth, without you being aware of having uttered them About 2000 BC 14 More Good Advice Take not upon thyself a jug of beer. Thou speakest and unintelligible utterances issue from thy mouth. If thou fallest down and they limbs break, there is none to hold out a hand to thee. Thy companions in drink stand up and say Away with this sot. And thou art like a little child. 15 Greece and Rome Wine in a Complex Trading Economy 16 Wine in Ancient Greece and Rome Greece developed a complex trading economy and a non-theocratic form of social organization....
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course BIS 1b taught by Professor Kimsey during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

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07world history - 1 1 History of Wine James Lapsley UC...

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