Mu+2313+06+Byzantium+and+Islam - Byzan um and Islam Mu 2313...

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Unformatted text preview: 2/11/15 Byzan+um and Islam Mu 2313 Dr. Wood Rise of Byzan+um •  Roman Empire splits – 395 –  Roman –capital Rome •  Overrun by Visgoths, Huns, Ostrogoths –  Byzan+um – capital Constan+nople (Istanbul) •  controlled trade between Med. and Black Sea •  Embraced philosophy, art, poli+cs •  Sacked by Crusaders in 1204 –  Seeds of Renaissance taken back to Italy 1 2/11/15 Jus+nian I •  AUempted to reunite E&W •  Empress Theodora –  Intervened in Nika Rebellion •  Recodified Roman Law Books –  Resul+ng in the Corpus Juris Civilis A[er Jus+nian •  Isaurian Emperors –  Ecloga •  Iconoclas+c Controversy •  Eventual sacking of Constan+nople in 1203 1.  Slaughter of innocents by crusaders 2.  Plunder of Constan+nople would form the seeds of the Renaissance in Venice 2 2/11/15 Islam •  Founded by prophet Muhammad c. 610 •  Qur’an •  Elements of Judaism and Chris+anity –  Compassion, Care for the downtrodden, etc. –  Brotherhood of the faithful •  Spread rapidly through Middle East & N. Africa –  Holy struggle or “jihad” Byzan+ne Cultural Influence (p. 184) 1.  2.  3.  4.  5.  Powerful and Expressive figures Rich materials (gold) suggests wealth Variety in subject maUer Presence of classical themes and style Widespread Byzan+ne ar+s+c influence –  Russia, Europe, and the Middle East 3 2/11/15 Emperor Jus2nian and his Court (mosaic in the Hiera+c style) c. 547 Abraham’s Hospitality and the Sacrifice of Isaac 4 2/11/15 Harbaville Triptych late 10th century Hagia Sophia (Istanbul) – 532-­‐7 5 2/11/15 Hagia Sophia (Istanbul) – 532-­‐7 Dome of the Rock -­‐ c. 684 1st major example of Islamic architecture 6 2/11/15 Dome of the Rock -­‐ c. 684 1st major example of Islamic architecture Dome of the Rock -­‐ c. 684 1st major example of Islamic architecture 7 2/11/15 Dome of the Rock -­‐ c. 684 1st major example of Islamic architecture 8 ...
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  • Summer '08
  • Istanbul, Middle  East, influence   –  Russia

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