S321_StudyGuide_BiologicalAndPsychologicalFactorsInSexualArousal

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Biological and Psychological Factors in Sexual ArousalI. Sociology is the study of how people relate to one another. This includes sexual interactions. In this course we study the diversity of ways in which people relate to others in a sexual manner and the ways in which various segments of society respond to different forms of sexual expression.II. How Biology Relates (Open-ended question on Exam 1)A. Biology feeds into the interest in relating sexuallyB. Knowledge of the biology curtails an overly sociological interpretation of sexuality (an “oversocialized conception of humans”).III. HormonesA.AndrogenB.EstrogenC.Illustrations1.Castrated Men2.Transgender/Transsexual Persons3.RapistsD.Androgen--A necessary (but not a sufficient) condition1.Impotent Men2. Women with Orgasm DifficultiesIV.Sexual DevelopmentA.Androgen ProductionB.Social Learning1.Precocious Puberty2.The Elderly (self-fulfilling prophecy)V. As part of the backdrop, psychologyalso informs sociology by delving into some aspects of social learning that play a large role in the way in which ones sexual attitudes and behaviors are sociologically shaped. (Open-ended question on Exam 1)VI. Biological Potential Interacts with Psychological ForcesA.Cognitive Brain Functioning and Erotic Meaning1.Panty Illustration,2.The Meaning of Ejaculate3. Topless RebellionBiology involves necessary condition to experience sexual arousal and sexuality but not sufficient 1
B.Social Learning1.Conditioning--Effects of Rewards (orgasm) and Punishmentsa.Direct – Women do get conditioned to material (masturbate with towel, pillow) does not evoke same response upon seeing it that you see in males. (Due to testosterone levels) sex with non-human

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