PsychBkQCh1 - PsychBkQCh1 1. betters children's lives...

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PsychBkQCh1 26/01/2008 11:59:00 1.  betters children’s lives is used for people in many different fields the knowledge is not just scientific but useful as well 2. physical- motor capabilities—sitting and walking     cognitive – baby understanding surroundings     emotional and social – when babies think more competently, adults react with  expression and delight at child’s new achievements 3. continuous – a process that consist of gradually adding more of the same  types of skills that were there to being with    discontinuous – a process in which new ways of understanding and responding  to the world emerge at specific times (stages) 4. nature – biological info given from parents    nurture – forces from the physical and social world from before and after birth stability- high and low in characteristics (heredity) contemporary theorists believe both are an influence 5. Medieval Times 6 th -15 th  century o childhood was separate period from adulthood o adults were sensitive to childs physical limits and psychological needs 14 th  century o had manuals for child care o laws for child protection o awareness of child vulnerable beings in develop. Period o infant had devils in them    The Reformation 16 th  century o Puritans believe in original sin
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o Restrictive child-rearing practices were recommended to tame the  depraved child o Told children right from wrong o Were first to have reading material for kids about religion and moral  ideals o Puritan parents were b/w severity and permissiveness     Enlightenment 17 th  century o brought new philosophies of reason and emphasized ideal of human  dignity John Lock 20 th  century o View child as tabula rasa or blank slate o Said parents are tutors that need to mold children how they wish o Parent reward children with praise and approval, and opposed  punishment o Believe in continuous development and nurture, and children had little  influence on their own destiny (passive) Jean-Jacques Rousseau 18 th  century o Children were noble savages, knew right from wrong. . hand built in  moral sense… they had unique way of thinking and feeling that would 
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course PSYCH 2350 taught by Professor Miller during the Spring '08 term at University of Houston.

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PsychBkQCh1 - PsychBkQCh1 1. betters children's lives...

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