PsycCh6BkQ - PsycCh6BkQ 1:58:00 PM 1 Schemes specific...

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PsycCh6BkQ 29/02/2008 14:58:00 1. Schemes- specific psychological structures—organized ways of making sense  of experience -changes with age 2. Sensorimotor stage- infant and toddlers think with their eyes, ears and other  sensorimotor equipment circular rxn- infants tries to repeat new experiences again and again…  strengthens new scheme… at first it centers on the infants body, and later it goes  outward, toward manipulation of objects, finally it becomes experimental and creative,  aimed at producing novel effects in the environment primary circular- babies gain voluntary control over their actions, by repeating  chance behaviors largely motivated by basic needs… such as sucking their fist or  thumbs. Ex: hungry baby stops crying when mom enters the room secondary circular rxn- infants sit up and become skilled at reaching for and  manipulating object, so they put their attention outward toward the environment. They  try to repeat interesting events that are caused by their own actions intentional/goal-directed behavior- coordinating schemes deliberately to solve  simple problems. Ex: if some hides something they use to scheme: pushing aside the  obstacle and grasping the toy tertiary circular rxn- toddles repeat behaviors with variation, provoking new  outcomes substage 6—18-24mn olds arrive at solution to problems suddenly rather than  through trial and error behavior… they seem to experiment with action inside their head -- first two years 3. Underestimate - Many studies suggest that infants display a variety of understanding earlier than  Piaget believed 4. extraordinary increase in mental representation. -Piaget acknowledged that lango is our most flexible means of mental rep. -Piaget did not believe that it plays a major role in children’s cognitive  development… rather it’s internal images 5. In early pretending, toddles use only realistic objects… most earliest pretend 
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