sample_proposal

sample_proposal - Musical Complexity Effects 1 Running...

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Musical Complexity Effects 1 Running Head: MUSICAL COMPLEXITY EFFECTS Musical Complexity Effects of on Cognitive Tests Performance of Introverts and Extroverts Enrolled in College Texas Christian University (Introduction by Stephanie Rank)
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Musical Complexity Effects 2 Abstract The following study will attempt to determine if musical complexity has an effect on introverts and extraverts performance of the mathematical and reading comprehension portions of the standard ACT. A 2 (personality type: extraverts, introverts) x 3 (music complexity: no music, instrumental music, and music with lyrics) factorial, between-subjects design will be used. Participants will include thirty introverts and thirty extraverts. After randomly assigning participants to three groups containing an equal number of introverts and extraverts in each, the groups will then be randomly assigned to rooms with different musical conditions (silence, instrumental, or lyrical). Participants will take the two portions of the ACT while sitting in their assigned musical condition room and their scores will be recorded as data. It is hypothesized that as the complexity of music increases, the extraverts will perform better on the mathematical and reading comprehension sections of the ACT, whereas introverts performance will worsen.
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Musical Complexity Effects 3 Musical Complexity Effects On Cognitive Tests Performance of Introverts and Extroverts Enrolled in College College students spend countless hours preparing for exams and each student differs in their studying habits. Some prefer studying in front of the television or studying while listening to music, and yet others resort to the library. The surrounding settings and distractions students choose to expose themselves to can have varying effects on the performance of tasks they are completing. As a result, applied, cognitive, and personality psychologists are three groups of researchers who have all been interested in one common subject: the various effects that background music or noise has on certain cognitive tasks performances (Furnham & Bradley, 1997; Wolfe, 1983; Furnham & Allass, 1999; Most of the studies concerned with the effect that background sound has on tasks performance has been interested specifically in how background sound interacts with individual differences, namely introversion and extraversion (Cassidy & MacDonald, 2007; Furnham & Allass, 1999; Furnham, Trew, & Sneade, 1999; Geen, 1984; Furnham & Stephenson, 2007; Daoussis & McKelvie, 1986; Furnham & Bradley, 1997). Eyesenck’s theory of personality is a common aspect among the researchers inferring about the dissimilar effects that music has on introverts and extraverts performances. This theory states that different personality types function most effectively at different levels of cortical arousal (Geen, 1984), with extraverts functioning better cognitively when in a state of high arousal and introverts functioning more
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sample_proposal - Musical Complexity Effects 1 Running...

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