Anatomy Review Test 1

Anatomy Review Test 1 - Anatomy Physiology I Exam 1 Topics...

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. 1. Active transport : endocytosis (phagocytosis, pinocytosis & receptor- mediated endocytosis) and exocytosis. ENERGY IS REQUIRED! Movement of molecules from LOW to HIGH concentration . - low to high concentration - Against concentration gradient - Requires energy Endocytosis- internalization of substances Phagocytosis- endocytosis of solids “cell eating” Pinocystosis- endocytosis of liquids “cell drinking” Receptor-mediated- triggered by receptors on cell surface Exocytosis- carrying material out of the cell expelling substances from cell. 2. All enzymes are made of one type of biological molecule – which one? What do enzymes do? All enzymes are made from protein. - Increase rate of chemical reaction without changing itself. 3. Anabolism Dehydration Synthesis – Building big molecules from smaller molecules. - 4. Anatomical directions : superior, inferior, distal, proximal, lateral, medial, dorsal, ventral. anterior near the front of the body (ventral) posterior near the back of the body (dorsal) medial pertaining to the midline of the body or structure lateral pertaining to a side superior toward the head or upper portion of a structure inferior away from the head, or toward the tail or lower part of a structure proximal near the attachment of an extremity to the trunk or a structure distal farther from the attachment of an extremity to the trunk or a structure anterior near the front of the body (ventral) posterior near the back of the body (dorsal)
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parietal pertaining to the outer wall of the body cavity 5. Anatomical terms : a. cubital,- Of or relating to the elbow b. buccal, Of or relating to or toward the cheek c. inguinal, Of or relating to or near the groin d. patellar, Near or relating to the patella or kneecap e. antebrachial, Relating to the forearm . f. mental, g. cervical, h. femoral, i. otic, j. body cavities. 6. - Atomic number? - Atomic mass (weight)? 7. Biological molecules : Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids. Know monomers (lipids don’t have monomers), characteristics, examples, uses, etc. Carbohydrates Monomers: monosaccharide ( glucose and simple sugars) - Can move through cell membrane - Are polar - Can be used for cell energy - Combine in dehydration synthesis to form polysaccharides with glycosidic bonds - Structural & support - 2 monosaccharide = disaccharides (2 simple sugars)
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course BIO 2401 taught by Professor Maurstad during the Spring '08 term at San Jacinto.

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Anatomy Review Test 1 - Anatomy Physiology I Exam 1 Topics...

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