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Basic Codes HTML

Basic Codes HTML - Introduction to Basic Codes HTML...

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Introduction to Basic Codes HTML Tags (Hypertext Mark-up Language) Good public website tutorial: http://www.w3schools.com/html/html_intro.asp Overview of Web Publishing Browsing the World Wide Web 1. Tim Berners-Lee --- developed the Web in 1989 2. New set of standards for exchanging info 3. Hypertext --- the “hot” text a. Contains the invisible address of the computer where the linked document resides 4. Mosaic was the first graphical web browser Using Browser Software 1. Your computer must have browser software to access documents on the Web 2. Unique feature of a browser is its memory. When your browser loads a web page: a. It keeps a copy for a limited period of time in a memory location called a cache b. When you return to that page the document may be loaded very fast because it will load from the cache and not the web server 3. Bookmarks are maintained by the browser even when your computer is turned off Understanding HTML 1. HTML (developed 1989)--- used to provide information to browsers as to how to display pages and create links 2. It is the Web’s universal programming language 3. It’s not specific to any platform, computer brand, or operating system 4. First version of HTML contained only about 30 commands (or tags) 5. HTML tags tell browsers how to display the document --- but each browser expresses that command in its own way. So, your web document may look different when displayed in different browsers 6. To view source code: a. In Netscape, choose View | Page Source b. In Explorer, choose View | Source 7. HTML is regulated by W3C, the WWW consortium, an international group started in 1994. We are currently up to version HTML 4.01. HTML 4.01 is being merged with XML 1.0 to form XHTML, a new version. It will have a stricter syntax: a. No syntax errors – will stop the program b. Will work on all machines c. Will display on all computers (except some older models) d. All lower case tags Web Page Design Checklist Page 1 – HTML Basic Guidelines
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1. Be brief 2. Be clear 3. Use simple language 4. Check spelling and grammar 5. Link only if it’s useful 6. Use consistent terminology, icons, layouts, banners 7. Include a way back to the homepage 8. Make sure all links are current 9. Use graphics only if it relates 10. Include alternative text with every graphic (some browsers may not display the picture) 11. Make sure text stands out from the background Getting Started Before you start, create a folder and call it “HTML.” Then create another folder inside that folder and call it “Images”. Remember the folder’s location as you will have to browse back to it often. Step 1: Build your webpage by typing some basic HTML tags 1. Click on your computer in this order to open Notepad : (Works better than Word documents.) Start All Programs Accessories Notepad 2. Type this simple HTML document on the Notepad screen exactly as shown : Most tags come with a start tag < > and an end tag </ > .
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