NAMEPHL 10101/12/2015Reading Summary: Plato’s ApologyIn the Apology, Plato depicts the trial of Socrates, in which Socrates defends himself against the charges brought against him. He is accused of (1) impiety, or not believing in the gods recognized by the state, (2) introducing new, alien gods in Athens, and (3) corrupting the youth with these ideas. Before he begins his defense, Socrates acknowledges that this is his first appearance in the court of law, and is therefore unversed in the ways of speaking in court and persuading the jury (unlike his accusers). Instead, he states that he will speak as he does innormal conversation: directly and honestly. Socrates also acknowledges that he does not expectto receive a fair trial, due to the widespread rumors about him created by his first accusers. Among Socrates’ first accusers was Aristophanes, a poet who wrote The Clouds, a play in which a character by the name of Socrates swings from baskets and discusses silly things.