Studyguide_Hinduism - List of relevant terms for Hinduism...

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List of relevant terms for Hinduism examination: Sruti: Earliest compositions within Hindu tradition (that which was heard), told by the “seers” Dual emphasis on hearing and seeing what is holy characterizes Hindu tradition. Sacred is experienced through sound and vision Religion Hindu (from Persian word Indian): No overriding single holy book, dogma, religious leader or authority for the entire Hindu tradition. Not even a word for concept of religion. Word Dharma for Hindus means righteousness, justice, faith, duty, a religious and social obligation, does not cover all that is sacred for the Hindu. The Vedas: Earliest surviving compositions by Indo-Europeans are called Vedas. Collectively called Sruti. Four Vedas exist, were composed between 1500 BCE and 600 BCE. Considered faultless since not composed by human beings, represent eternal truth. 4 Vedas called: Rg Veda Sama Veda Yajur Veda Atharva Veda (non aryan) Four classes (varnas) consist of Priests (Brahmins), Kings (rayana, ksatriya), Merchants, Normal folks (sudras) Brahmin . One who knows Brahma or the Absolute. Karma and Samsara: Karma literally means action, loosely translated into system of punishment and rewards attached to various actions. It refers to a system of cause and effect that may span over several lifetimes. Theory of karma implies continuing rebirths (samsara). Liberation from these (moksa) comes from supreme, experiential, transforming wisdom. This is the ultimate goal. Once attained, never born or dies again, one attains immortality (sans. A- mrta – without death). One is freed from the birth and death cycle by an enlightenment experience. Quest for unifying truth important in Hindu philosophical traditions. Lower Knowledge: can conceptualized and expressed in words Higher knowledge: true wisdom Atman: Means Human soul, used in conjunction with Brahman (Supreme Being). Higher knowledge implies knowing experientially the relationship between Atman and Brahman. Brahman cannot be described. To know Brahman is to reach the supreme, enter new state of consciousness.
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The Epics: The Ramayana and Mahabharata are the best known works within Hindu-tradition. Belong to literature called smrti (which is remembered) as opposed to sruti (…heard, Vedas). Ramayana 2500 years old, about Prince Rama, son of Dasaratha, exiled into forest with wife Sita, father dies of grief 7 th incarnation (avatar) of Vishnu, sent down to restore order and fight adharma Has three half brothers, Laksmana, Baratha and Satrughuna Antagonist Ravana, demon king (king of rakshasas) of Lanka Sister of Ravana Shoorpanakha and brother Vibhishana and Kumbhakarna Sita was an avatār of
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Studyguide_Hinduism - List of relevant terms for Hinduism...

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