Health study guide_final

Health study guide_final - Chapter Ten: Alcohol: Of the...

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Chapter Ten: Alcohol: Of the two-thirds who do consume alcohol, 10% are heavy drinkers Moderate drinkers are men who drink no more than two drinks per day or women who drink no more than one drink per day Roots of drinking behavior are established in the adolescent years Less time for women to develop drinking pattern Binge Drinking is consuming 5 or more drinks in a row for a man or 4 or more drinks in a row for a woman Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant, which impairs movement and thinking 0.5 ounces or 15 grams of alcohol: 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine 10 ounces wine cooler, 1.5 ounces (1 shot) of 80 proof liquor Factors affecting absorption: Food in the stomach, Gender, Age, Drug interaction, Cigarette smoking Mood and physical condition Alcohol concentration Carbonation A small amount of alcohol is broken down by the stomach however 90% is metabolized by the liver Between 2-10% is not metabolized at all and is excreted by the skin, urine, or breath Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC): amount of alcohol (in grams) in 100 milliliters of blood, expressed as a percentage 0.30 - 0.60 This level of alcohol has been measured in people who have died of alcohol intoxication. Women are generally more susceptible to the effects of alcohol and have a higher BAC than men due to the following: Less body weight Higher body fat percentage ADH differences Menstrual cycle Use of oral contraceptives Alcohol abuse: a pattern of drinking which leads to distress or impairment of health and/or social problems Alcohol dependence: a disorder characterized by a strong craving for alcohol, which results in withdrawal symptoms Alcoholism: a chronic disease characterized by excessive, compulsive drinking Tobacco: More than 22% of the adult population in the United States are smokers A heavy smoker is a person who smokes more than 10 cigarettes a day Tar is a thick, sticky residue that consists of hundreds of different chemical compounds and contains many of the carcinogenic substances found in tobacco smoke Carbon Monoxide is an odorless gas that interferes with the ability of red blood cells to carry oxygen to vital body organs
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Nicotine is the primary addictive ingredient in tobacco and considered a powerful psychoactive stimulant Quickly affects the heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course HST woddard taught by Professor Dontknow during the Fall '08 term at Wake Forest.

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Health study guide_final - Chapter Ten: Alcohol: Of the...

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