PSYC 147 Lecture 1 – June 30, 2014Introduction/GenderReading: Crowley et al, 2Male-as-norm perspective – typically male college students (that was the human experience)-Female behavior deviate from male standardWhite males – those studies considered to describe actual experience from everybody-Differences between women and men attributed to biology Where did stereotypes come from? – What is typically male vs female arise from biological differences?OR is it something that arises from experiences – a lifetime of being male or femaleIf biology – there’s not much we can do about itWomen incapable of going to college because menstruation – women needed to rest, focus on making sure enough energy to get through dayBiological differences seen as things that existed – used to explain exclusion from various activities – still see these types of things nowFeminist PerspectivesSocial – relationship between social class, race and gender as they are sued to support oppressionGender with race, social status, and economic status tied together in perpetuating standing within larger social orderRadical – emphasizes male control and domination of women throughout history Women need to fight against male domination – Femi-naziLiberal – belief that women are entitled to full legal and social equalityShould have access to the same opportunities – should be able to vote, earn degrees, etc.Cultural – differences are important, qualities associated with women have been devaluedWe need to make sure women are valued as much as men are – we need to see some elements of social change-Value women as important, worthwhile human beings-Need for social change if women are to lead secure and satisfying lives“Feminist” bad because it talks about change – most backlash from general conservative movementConservative – traditional generals are the way things should be
Conservatism -Belief in traditional gender arrangements-Males hold public power and status and women are restricted to home and family lifeDifferences due to unchangeable, biological differences-Backlash against feminismStereotype of crazy, outrageous women and ideasInsistence on biological differences that make change impossibleWomen quarrelling with womenFirst wave – Fought for the right to vote, etc.Second wave – 1960’s 1970’s Instead of right to vote, they fought for equal treatment – those women given a particularly negative view (i.e. blamed for high divorce rates, problems with children)Third wave – more how things are currentlyMedia would identify women not part of feminist women – look at normal nice women that agreethat they should take care of children, not work. (Socially acceptable vs. socially unacceptable)Stereotypes of feministsVast majority would not identify as feminists although they agreed with the values – is it the termthat haws a problem?