StudyGuide_test1

StudyGuide_test1 - Test One Review A few tips: 1) Don't...

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Test One Review A few tips: 1) Don’t worry about the “Extraordinary People” sections. 2) Focus on concepts more than definitions—you’ve probably noticed that he likes to give you questions like “Sally So-and-so has these symptoms … so she’s most likely suffering from _____.” 3) Look over your old quizzes—sometimes he recycles questions! 4) Try not to over-think things—you probably know more than you think you do. Chapter One: Looking at Abnormality Defining Abnormality o Cultural relativism Drapetomania: sickness that caused slaves to desire freedom Dysaesthesia aethiopis: refusal to work for one’s master o Unusualness o Discomfort o Mental Illness A diagnosis is simply a label for a set of symptoms, not an identifiable physical process o Maladaptiveness (3 components: dysfunction, distress, deviance) Historical Perspectives on Abnormality o Biological, supernatural, psychological theories Cures o Asylums and moral treatment Tuke, Dix, Pinel The Emergence of Modern Perspectives o Biological Griesinger, Kraepelin, Krafft-Ebing o Psychoanalytic Mesmer, Charcot, Freud, Breuer o Behaviorism Wundt, Pavlov (classical conditioning), Watson, Thorndike & Skinner (operant conditioning) o Cognitive Bandura, Ellis, Beck Modern Mental-Health Care o Deinstitutionalization Easier said than done o Managed care Easier said than done Professions Within Abnormal Psychology
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o Differences between psychiatrists, psychologists, marriage and family therapists, social workers, psychiatric nurses Chapter Two: Contemporary Theories of Abnormality Nature vs. nurture, vulnerability-stress models Biological Approaches o Structural brain abnormalities (ex. Phineas Gage) Parts of brain o Biochemical causes Neurotransmitter theories Roles of serotonin, dopamine, norephinephrine, GABA Endocrine system o Genetic factors Family history studies Twin studies Concordance rate Adoption studies Psychological Approaches o Psychodynamic (Freud) Catharsis, repression Id, ego, superego Id: libido, pleasure principle, primary process thinking Ego: reality principle, secondary process thinking Superego: conscience, ego ideal Psychosexual stages
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course PSY 242 taught by Professor Messman-moore&walker during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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StudyGuide_test1 - Test One Review A few tips: 1) Don't...

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