Paper- Marx and Mill v. 4.0

Paper- Marx and Mill v. 4.0 - McDorman European Hist 20223...

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McDorman European Hist 20223 Products of their Time: Carl Marx and John Stewart Mill As the Industrial Revolution progressed through the 19 th century we see two of its products, communism and liberalism, come to fruition in Carl Marx and John Stewart Mill. Both these men saw a world on the brink of a new era, and to them it seemed that this new world required a new kind of state. On the one hand, Mill’s Liberalism proposed a new order of society, wherein the freedom of the individual supercedes the rights of the state. He envisioned a world where a man might think and act as he wished, so long as his actions did not bring harm to any other individuals. On the other hand, Marx’s Communism called for an oppressive, revolutionary, and totalitarian state. He advocated the abolishment of the family, prefering that it be replaced with a buracracy. He believed that the state should seize all private property, and that money in the traditional sense should be done away with completely. To achieve these ends he issued a call to arms to the workers of the world, that they should throw off their chains and unite all countries under the new world order of communism. The punchline here is that each of these men saw themselves as defenders of liberty. Our modern point of view tells us that Mill is an advocate of freedom, while Marx is an advocate of tyranical oppression. Yet this view is both naïve and superficial. For Marx, his new world was going to be the end of opression, and the rebirth of liberty. To understand this point of view it’s important to understand Marx’s view of society. Obviously, Marx believes that the history of society, “is the history of class
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struggles” (Marx, p. 55). More importantly, he sees the class struggle of this age as being different from all others. Modern class struggle, the war between the proletarians and the bourgeouisie, is different because of the industrial revolution. The advent of modern technology, mass production, mass communication, and rapid transit will eventually allow the proletarians to communicate, and thus organize into a united body like no other class before them.
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course HIST Don't kno taught by Professor Mcdorman during the Fall '07 term at TCU.

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Paper- Marx and Mill v. 4.0 - McDorman European Hist 20223...

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