Final Sociology Review

Final Sociology Review - Ch 19 Health and Medicine Health...

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Ch 19: Health and Medicine Health, according to the World Health Organization, is "the ability of an individual to achieve his [or her] potential and to respond positively to the challenges of the environment." Medicine an institution devoted to fighting disease and promoting health. Black Death or Plague Social Causes of Illness and Death Leading Causes of Death US 2001 HIV/AIDS Reasons for Health Inequity Life expectancy the average age at death of the members of a population. Maximum human life span the longest an individual can live under current conditions. It is currently 122 years. Maximum average human life span the average age of death for a population under ideal conditions. It is currently about 85 years. Public health system composed of government-run programs that ensure access to clean drinking water, basic sewage and sanitation services, and inoculation against infectious diseases. HMO Health-care system Infant mortality , the number of deaths before the age of 1 for every 1000 lives births in a population in 1 year. Medicalization of deviance the tendency for medical definitions of deviant behavior to become more prevalent over time. Sick role according to Talcott Parsons, involves the nondeliberate suspension of routine responsibilities, wanting to be well, seeking competent help, and cooperating with health- care practitioners at all times. Placebo effect the positive influence on healing of strong belief in the effectiveness of a cure. Holistic medicine , emphasizes disease prevention. Holistic practitioners treat disease by
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taking into account the relationship between mind and body and between the individual and his or her social and physical environment. Ch 20: Population and Urbanization Demography, Demographers are social-scientific analysts of human population. Malthusian trap refers to a cycle of population growth followed by an outbreak of war, pestilence, or famine that keeps population growth in check. Crude death rate the annual number of deaths per 1000 people in a population. Crude birth rate the annual number of live births per 1000 women in a population Demographic transition theory (+4 stages) explains how changes in fertility and mortality affected population growth from preindustrial to postindustrial times. Replacement level the number of children that each woman must have on average for population size to remain stable. Ignoring any inflow of population from other countries and any outflow to other countries, the replacement level is 2.1. Immigration (In-migration)
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Final Sociology Review - Ch 19 Health and Medicine Health...

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