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Renaissance Lecture Notes - Renaissance Theatre 5/22/15...

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Renaissance Theatre5/22/15 9:44 AM(Read book)Italy (1550-1650)Background and ContextMedieval Theatre (religious, way to illustrate bible stories forilliterate audience)Transition form religious to secular cultureMerchant class/economic shiftPrinting press & Greek texts (philosophy, theatre, etc.)FormsNeoclassical drama (old texts by Aristotle that redefined whatclassified good theatre)Opera(invented in Italy)Commedia dell’arteoFlourished 1550-1750oEvolved from old Roman comedyoStock characters (easily identifiable)§Dottore(old, foolish scholar)§Pantalone(dirty, cheap, old man)§Capitano(cowardly, braggart soldier)§Harlequin(Zanni) (clown, physically agile, servantcharacters)oMasks (most, not all)oLazzi/Slapstick§Austin PowersclipScenic InnovationsTeatro Olimpico (Vicenza)- 1584 (big, perspectives, depth, only onegood point of view)Teatre Farnese- 1618 (first proscenium arched stage)Wing-and-Shutter (Groove system)Audience“Pit, Boxes, & Gallery” (George Cruikshank) (all about classstructure!!) (Variations in Italy, France, England and Spain)English Renaissance (1558-1642)Elizabethan England/Elizabeth I (r. 1558-1603)
Outdoor Public TheatresoThe Globe (know!)- (Shakespeare) (thrust)oLegal control of theatres (Elizabeth banned religion intheatres)… plays have to be approvedChristopher Marlowe! (1564-1593)oDoctor FaustusWilliam Shakespeare (1564-1616)oLimited sceneryoBorrowed plotsoBlank verse/iambic pentameterRepertory systemPerformed by men and boys (no women until 1660)Jacobean Tragedy (violence, spectacle, elements of melodrama)French- known for Neoclassicism
Macbeth5/22/15 9:44 AMWho was Macbeth really?Real Macbeth (11thcentury Scotland)oKilled real Duncan in battleoMacbeth reigned 17 years (stable)- probably a good kingoKilled by Malcolm in battleTanistry- king’s heir comes from a pool of eligible, not necessarily his sonoMalcolm was not automatically Duncan’s heiroJames I outlawed tanistry in ScotlandoEnglish: primogeniture (1stson)Holinshed’sChronicles- Shakespeare’s source materialShakespeare’s context:King James I crowned 1603oReputedly descended from Banquoo1597- James publishes a treatise on witch hunting-DaemonologieMacbeth1606oMajor characters-Macbeth/Lady Macbeth-Banquo (friend of Macbeth)/Fleance-Macduff (& family)-Duncan-WitchesoMajor Themes-Revenge…making it right through violence-Guilt-Power/ambition-Supernatural (witches & ghosts)-Fear-Fate
Design Elements5/22/15 9:44 AMDesigning for the TheatreScene Designer’s Objectives

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Term
Spring
Professor
HeidiSchmidt
Tags
Drama, Theatre, Macbeth, Doctor Faustus, Lysistrata, Sound design, practical design problems, Greek Theatre Production, Rigorous training

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