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Zosisima turns out to be a very good psychologistpage 44: Dostoevsky says that people behave badly out of shame (shame at behaving badly)oex> blushing because you’re blushingoex> behaving badly because you’re ashamed of behaving that wayoyou can’t make people behave better by shaming them of their bad behaviorwould only work for some people, and only when they’re not very ashamedthe more ashamed you make someone, the more you attack their self-worth and the more they’ll try to define the system of norms by the self-worth which you have just attacked→will behave worsesame with guiltoFyodor has the psychology of the humiliatedFyodor is a buffoon because he’s feeling like a buffoonmost people, when they behave badly out of shame, are not aware that they’re doing thatFyodor knows this psychology and chooses it deliberatelyo≈ poverty: part of effect of poverty is that it impugns your self-worth and makes them worse peoplepg 45: “what must I do to gain eternal life?”: something someone asked Jesusoby asking this, Fyodor is sarcastically saying “you’re Jesus, right?” to Zossimaif you keep lie to yourself, bit by bit, you’ll end up believing itoyou remember a scene in which you behave badly→as you remember it, you make a slight adjustment to what happened in your favor→pretty soon you remember that versionit’s hard to remember which memory is the real oneoyou can change your perception by lying to yourself“it is sometimes very pleasant to take offense”omoment when you could say “how could you do that?! I’m outraged!”owhy is it fun? because the person who’s outraged becomes morally superiorit’s worth being offended so you could feel morally superiorthe more you feel morally superior, the more you avoid solving the problemothe more you have that feeling of being better when you’re offended, be suspicious of everything else you think because it may be that you’re lying to yourselfwhy people wind up doing really evil things to each otherothe person who does the thing feels justified because he has been injured and therefore deserves to feel outraged and act as an outraged personovery rare that people/group thinks “we just love doing evil”they typically justify themselves“father of lies” = Devilomaking fun of the language, but at the same time, calling himself the Devil, the incarnation of all evilolots of references to Devil → this is a book about good and evilDevil is the personification of evilpay attention when characters start referring to Devilanother part of the book, the antichrist appears as a character in one o
another part of the book, the Devil appears (unlike any Devil you ever saw)a lot characters are described as figures of speechoIvan described as a riddleo