brothers karamazov Lecture 4 9.29 - Zosisima turns out to...

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Zosisima turns out to be a very good psychologist page 44: Dostoevsky says that people behave badly out of shame (shame at behaving badly) o ex> blushing because you’re blushing o ex> behaving badly because you’re ashamed of behaving that way o you can’t make people behave better by shaming them of their bad behavior would only work for some people, and only when they’re not very ashamed the more ashamed you make someone, the more you attack their self-worth and the more they’ll try to define the system of norms by the self-worth which you have just attacked→will behave worse same with guilt o Fyodor has the psychology of the humiliated Fyodor is a buffoon because he’s feeling like a buffoon most people, when they behave badly out of shame, are not aware that they’re doing that Fyodor knows this psychology and chooses it deliberately o ≈ poverty: part of effect of poverty is that it impugns your self-worth and makes them worse people pg 45: “what must I do to gain eternal life?”: something someone asked Jesus o by asking this, Fyodor is sarcastically saying “you’re Jesus, right?” to Zossima if you keep lie to yourself, bit by bit, you’ll end up believing it o you remember a scene in which you behave badly→as you remember it, you make a slight adjustment to what happened in your favor→pretty soon you remember that version it’s hard to remember which memory is the real one o you can change your perception by lying to yourself “it is sometimes very pleasant to take offense” o moment when you could say “how could you do that?! I’m outraged!” o why is it fun? because the person who’s outraged becomes morally superior it’s worth being offended so you could feel morally superior the more you feel morally superior, the more you avoid solving the problem o the more you have that feeling of being better when you’re offended, be suspicious of everything else you think because it may be that you’re lying to yourself why people wind up doing really evil things to each other o the person who does the thing feels justified because he has been injured and therefore deserves to feel outraged and act as an outraged person o very rare that people/group thinks “we just love doing evil” they typically justify themselves “father of lies” = Devil o making fun of the language, but at the same time, calling himself the Devil, the incarnation of all evil o lots of references to Devil → this is a book about good and evil Devil is the personification of evil pay attention when characters start referring to Devil another part of the book, the antichrist appears as a character in one o
another part of the book, the Devil appears (unlike any Devil you ever saw) a lot characters are described as figures of speech o Ivan described as a riddle o

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