Jewish Info for Religion Final

Jewish Info for Religion Final - Religion Test#2 Judaism...

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Unformatted text preview: Religion Test #2 Judaism Timeline • When was the destruction of the second Jewish temple? o 70 CE • When were the last books of the Hebrew Scriptures completed? o 200 BCE • What is the traditional date for the life of Moses? o 1250 BCE • When was the Babylonian Talmud completed? o 600 CE Matching Names • The son of Abraham and Hagar o Ishmael • The son of Abraham and Sarah o Isaac • Considered the greatest prophet in the Jewish tradition o Moses • The Israelite king who built the first temple o Solomon • The son of Isaac who was renamed Israel o Jacob -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐ • Current prime minister of the state of Israel o Netanyahu • Medieval Jewish thinker who wrote the Thirteen Principles of Faith o Maimonides • Current President of the Palestinian National Authority o Abbas • A famous 20th century Jewish thinker of the Hasidic tradition o Heschel Sacred Texts Section • Every week Jewish people reenact this part of the Hebrew creation story by observing: o Shabbat • This excerpt, which contains the commentary and interpretation of rabbis, comes from which sacred text of Judaism? o Talmud • Some traditional Jewish people reenact this aspect of the covenant with Abraham through the ritual of: o Brit True/False • Some citizens of the modern state of Israel are non-­‐Jewish Arabs. o True • The authoritative collection of collection of central Jewish beliefs known as the Thirteen Principles of the Faith includes belief in the resurrection of the dead. o True • One of the most sacred pilgrimage sites in modern Judaism is the Western Wall of Jerusalem. o True • A meeting place where Jewish people gather for communal worship and prayer is called a synagogue. o True • During Rosh Hashanah, many Jews eat apples and honey to symbolize the sweetness of the new year. o True • The Ten Commandments are an example of ethics in Judaism o True • The modern state of Israel was created after World War II in 1948. o False • When Jewish people refer to certain foods as kosher, it means Jewish law allows them to eat it. o True Multiple Choice • Which of the following is an accurate description of Zionism as it was first articulated? o A religious belief that God promised the land of Israel to the Jewish people. • Scholars refer to the Jewish tradition as it existed after 70CE as: o Biblical Judaism • The first century Jewish group that advocated violent overthrow of Roman rule was the: o Zealots • Which of the following is the central prayer used by Jews in personal and communal prayer? o The Shema • Which of the following branches of Judaism allow women to be rabbis? o “a” and “b” § Conserative and Reform • The first five books of the Hebrew bible are called: o Torah • Teshuva refers to: o Repenting and turning to God • Which of the following religious roles is NOT found in contemporary Jewish life and worship? o Tzaddick • The ritual which marks a young woman’s passage into adulthood o Bat Mitzvah • The Jewish holiday that commemorates the giving of the law at Sinai is: o Yad Vashem • What is the Hebrew term meaning “catastrophe” refered to the Nazi genocide o Shoah • The Jewish holiday that commemorates God’s liberation of the Israelites from slavery to freedom is: o Passover Pictures • Identify the material elements of Jewish prayer in image o Hats they wear § Yarmelka o Boxes strapped to head § Phylactery o Capes they wear § Tallit • Which Jewish holiday is celebrated by setting up temporary outdoor tents or booths such as this one? o Shavuot • What is the term for the instrument this man is blowing as part of the celebration of the Jewish High Holidays? o Shofar • What is contained inside this small box found on the doorframe of the Jewish homes? o Small scroll of Torah • What is the name of the Jewish ritual meal, which uses special plates such as this one and special foods to symbolize slavery and liberation of ancients? o Seder • What is the term for this pool of water that is used in the ritual of conversion? o Mikvah • What are these examples of material expression, which are considered the most sacred physical objects in synagogues? o Torah scrolls Maps *** study on sheet ...
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