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Unformatted text preview: -Monosaccharides o Simple sugars (typically 3-8 carbons) o Examples: 5-carbon Ribose Deoxyribose 6-carbon Glucose (dextrose, blood sugar) Fructose Galactose (part of lactose)-Disaccharides o Dehydration synthesis Two Monosaccharides linked by oxygen and water molecule is produced Can be separated back into monosaccharides by breaking bond (requires water hydrolysis) We name these after monosaccharides o Examples Maltose or malt sugar Glucose-Glucose Sucrose or table sugar Glcose-fructose Lactose or milk sugar Galactose-glucose-Polysaccharides - many monosaccharides linked together storage! o Various ways to link glucose: Some bonds are easier to break than others-NUCLEIC ACIDS-Anything that ends in -ase is an enzyme-Double bonds in fats usually indicates an unsaturated fat-...
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