Renewable Energy Futurefor the Developing WorldWhite PaperWritten by Dieter Holm, D.Archunder contract to the International Solar Energy Society
2ContentsExecutive Summary3Summary of Policies6Renewable Energy Defined: Energy from the Sun7Aim, Scope, Delimitations8Introduction: The Developing World in the Global Energy Transition9Why it is Essential to Transform the Developing World Energy Systems Now13Renewable Energy Resources: Technology Status and their Sustainable Potential16National and International Drivers of Renewable Energy Application: Setting National targets within Global Guard Rails24Policies to Accelerate the Application of Renewable Energy Resources in Developing Countries 30The Need for Research and Demonstration 45Examples of National Policy Models48Conclusions54Acknowledgements and References55Annexure A57Abbrevations58
Executive SummaryFor the hasty reader: The essence of the White Paper is contained in the section on "Policies toAccelerate the Application of Renewable Energy Resources in Developing Countries".This White Paper presents a rationale for apposite and effective governmentalpolicies on renewable energies in thedeveloping world. It also provides ade-quate scientific information to makerational and accountable energy policychoices within this context, in support of sustainable development. While fully acknowledging the substantialbarriers restraining the developing world,the paper also highlights the momentousand unique window of opportunity, aswell as the concomitant grave responsi-bility this places on the shoulders of pre-sent energy policy decision-makers. Apotential role of the industrialised nationsin our common future is indicated.The paper endorses the thesis of theearlier global ISES White Paper titled“Transitioning to a Renewable EnergyFuture”, stating that “a worldwide effortto generate the renewable energy transi-tion must emerge at the top of nationaland international political agencies, star-ting now”.A Summary of Policiesis presented, followed by Renewable Energy Defined:Energy from the Sundescribing thatessentially all energy derives from thesun, including the fossil fuels that havebeen the base of a short-lived and ener-gy-flagrant period in our history. The Aim, Scope and Delimitationssetsthe definitions and context of the develo-ping world in the global village, which isillustrated by the worldwide reaction tothe Tsunami catastrophe of December2004. Our common future has not rea-ched that level of newsworthiness – yet. The Introduction – The DevelopingWorld in the Global Energy Transitionexplains that developing nations haveunderdeveloped energy infrastructures,but need not follow the western patternof centralised power stations with exten-sive, costly and vulnerable networks.