ISES-WP-600DV - Renewable Energy Future for the Developing World Written by Dieter Holm D.Arch under contract to the International Solar Energy Society

ISES-WP-600DV - Renewable Energy Future for the Developing...

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Renewable Energy Future for the Developing World White Paper Written by Dieter Holm, D.Arch under contract to the International Solar Energy Society
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2 Contents Executive Summary 3 Summary of Policies 6 Renewable Energy Defined: Energy from the Sun 7 Aim, Scope, Delimitations 8 Introduction: The Developing World in the Global Energy Transition 9 Why it is Essential to Transform the Developing World Energy Systems Now 1 3 Renewable Energy Resources: Technology Status and their Sustainable Potential 16 National and International Drivers of Renewable Energy Application: Setting National targets within Global Guard Rails 24 Policies to Accelerate the Application of Renewable Energy Resources in Developing Countries 30 The Need for Research and Demonstration 45 Examples of National Policy Models 48 Conclusions 54 Acknowledgements and References 55 Annexure A 57 Abbrevations 58
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Executive Summary For the hasty reader: The essence of the White Paper is contained in the section on "Policies to Accelerate the Application of Renewable Energy Resources in Developing Countries". This White Paper presents a rationale for apposite and effective governmental policies on renewable energies in the developing world. It also provides ade- quate scientific information to make rational and accountable energy policy choices within this context, in support of sustainable development. While fully acknowledging the substantial barriers restraining the developing world, the paper also highlights the momentous and unique window of opportunity, as well as the concomitant grave responsi- bility this places on the shoulders of pre- sent energy policy decision-makers. A potential role of the industrialised nations in our common future is indicated. The paper endorses the thesis of the earlier global ISES White Paper titled “Transitioning to a Renewable Energy Future”, stating that “a worldwide effort to generate the renewable energy transi- tion must emerge at the top of national and international political agencies, star- ting now”. A Summary of Policies is presented, followed by Renewable Energy Defined: Energy from the Sun describing that essentially all energy derives from the sun, including the fossil fuels that have been the base of a short-lived and ener- gy-flagrant period in our history. The Aim, Scope and Delimitations sets the definitions and context of the develo- ping world in the global village, which is illustrated by the worldwide reaction to the Tsunami catastrophe of December 2004. Our common future has not rea- ched that level of newsworthiness – yet. The Introduction – The Developing World in the Global Energy Transition explains that developing nations have underdeveloped energy infrastructures, but need not follow the western pattern of centralised power stations with exten- sive, costly and vulnerable networks.
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