The_Seven_Philosophies_of_Education_Phil.pdf - THE SEVEN...

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THE SEVEN PHILOSOPHIES OF EDUCATIONPHILOSOPHYWHY TEACHWHAT TO TEACHHOW TO TEACH1.EssentialismThis philosophy contends thatteachers teach for learners toacquire basic knowledge, skillsand values.The emphasis is on theacademic content for studentsto learn the basic skills andfundamental r’s –reading,writing, ‘arithmetic and rightconduct.The teachers and administratorsdecide what is most importantfor the students to learn.Essentialist teachers emphasizethe mastery of the subjectmatter.They are expected to b eintellectual and moral modelsof their students.They are seen as “fountain ofknowledge” and as “paragon ofvirtue”.2.ProgressivismProgressivist teachers teach todevelop learners into becomingenlightened and intelligentcitizens of a democraticsociety.The progressivists areidentified with need-based andrelevant curriculum.The curriculum should respondto students’ needs and thatrelates to students’ personallives and experiences.

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Term
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Euphemia Abigael Bas

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