Soci Mid Term Review Guide - Sociology Society...

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SociologyDef: the study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society.The study of human nature and culture in our every day environment SocietyDef: the aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community.Individuals who come together in a group to form a community. (Alike interests and goals)GlobalizationDef: process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nationsIntegration of cultural ideas and shared goods ConsumptionComplex process involving the interrelationships among consumer objects andservices, consumers, the consumption process and consumption sitesSocial StructuresMicro Level: Individuals and their thoughts and actionsMacro Level: Groups, organizations, cultures, society and the world as well asthe relationship between themSocial ProcessesSocial structuresare enduring and regular social arrangements (a shopping mall)oThese change very slowlySocial processesare aspects of the social world (shopping)oThese can change rapidlySocial ProblemCondition that at least some people in a community view as being undesirable.Sociological ImaginationTerm used to explain the nature of sociology and its relevance in daily life. "Vivid awareness of the relationship between experience and the wider society"Agency-Structure RelationshipAgency is the micro level; structure is the macro leveloAgency gives priority to the agent having power and a capacity for creativity. oAgents both create and are constrained by social and culturalstructures. Conflict TheoryTheorists: Karl Marx
Key-Concepts: Social InequalityView of Family: 'Arena for conflict.' Adults have a higher position. Conflictover resourcesView of Religion: People are "drugged" by religion = Leads to false conscienceness False ConsciousnessWhen an individual thinks one way in which it prevents them from perceiving the true nature of their social or economic situation - in Marxist termsInter/Actionist TheoriesTheorists: Erving Goffman (Symbolic Interactionism)Key-Concepts:Symbolic Interactionism (What people think: Gestures/Symbols/Interactionbetween 2 people) Ethnomethodology (What people do)Exchange Theory (Interaction between the two people and the rewards involved in them)Rational Choice Theory (Act intentionally in order to achieve goals)Structural/FunctionalismTheorists: Emile DurkheimKey Concepts:Structural-Functionalism (social structures as well as the functions that such structures perform)Structuralism (Focuses on structures, not concerned about functions)View of Family: Families provide various functions for societyoReplenishment of the populationoPhysical and emotional care for childrenoSocialization of childrenoShare resources to meet economic needsoIntergenerational supportoControl of sexual behaviourView of Religion:Look at the functions and dysfunctionsLatent Functions: ones that aren't intended, fundamentalism
Answers questions about the meaning of life

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