Exam Three Notes

Exam Three Notes - Exam Three: o Whatever the heck Hector...

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Exam Three: o Whatever the heck Hector Berlioz (1803-1869) Playing “A Ball” from Symphonie Fantastique Highly typical of romantic composers Romantic era: freedom to express inward expressions outward - Goethe: Exposed to great literature = program music No systematic music training : no keyboard kills New profession: music critic Important: Influenced Romantic orchestration - Enormous forces - New instruments - Old instruments used in new ways Program music: tells a story; instrumental Symphonie Fantastique Program Symphony: like symphonic poem sort of Idee fixe (Harriet Smithson) : melody that supposed to represent Harriet Smithson, each time it shows up it changes a little Five Movements: (only need to know the 5th) - Reveries, Passions - A Ball - Scene in the Fields - March to the Scaffold - Dream of a Witches Sabbath Dream of a Witches Sabbath Idee fixe (perverted, dance-like) Dies irae (“Day of Wrath”) Witches dance fugue o The German Lied Playing: Fruhlingstraum (Spring dream), From Franz Schubert’s Winterreise Thomas Quastaff Dietrich Fischer-Dieksau Classical - A/C phrases - Accompaniment pattern Opera - Beat - Recitative German Lied Lied= Germ word for poem or song Poetry and music Should music be subservient to the text? - In 19 th century: take poems and use them as jumping off point; art song, music is prominent From Popular song to Art song
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New German lyric poetry – more expressive Dissemination of the pianoforte - Piano people can buy for their homes that are more detailed Middle class with time and money - Played in people’s home by the people to entertain Franz Schubert (1797-1828) First great composer of German lieder - Wrote over 600 lieder Characteristics of his lieder: - Memorable melodies - Uses piano for ‘tone painting’ o Using musical sound to represent object (trout) The Erlking (ballad) - Listening exercise - Ballad: poem the tells a story - A father trying to get his son somewhere because son is sick and in delirium sees this mythical creature of Erlking - Characters: o Piano represents horses: tremolo o Narrator o Father: “it’s okay” in a key o Son: “OMG!” chromaticism o Erlking o The Romantic Pianists Playing: Franz Liszt, Concerto Etude No. 3 “A Sigh” Romantic vs. Classical Melody: long arch-shaped phrases, irregular, longer; tuneful, AC phrases, Harmony: other 5 notes; vibration, chromatic; slower rhythm, alberti bass Tempo: Rubato (playing around with beat (pulse) for expression effect; same tempo, Form: Form falls apart, dictated by story; form is important Color: (not on exam) gradually adding on more and more instruments Frederic Chopin (1810-1849) “the poet of the piano”: more introverted French/polish parentage – born in Warsaw, Poland, adult life in Paris - Noticed good musical ability so had musical education then went to
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Exam Three Notes - Exam Three: o Whatever the heck Hector...

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