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Exam Two Notes

Exam Two Notes - Exam Two o Ancient Greece Middle Ages and...

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Exam Two: o Ancient Greece, Middle Ages, and Renaissance Music o Ancient Greece A lot of people are the beginning of…. Music What did the music sound like? No one’s sure what it sounded like before it was before recording technology, and rarely wrote things down – oral tradition Philosophical Writing: Doctrine of Ethos (Aristotle, Plato) - Music is a vehicle for conveying ethical states - Music can effect us, how we feel and what we think - Ethos is a sense of character, of what your parents, society, etc instills in you over time - Still believe that music can influence you (rap), and certain music is appropriate in certain places Acoustic theories (Pythagoras) - Octaves, how to use pitches in scale - They also felt that through studying of music in sound and found patterns, they believed that music could tap into the natural order of the universe Western Music: harmonic qualities major/minor, 7 keys plus flat and sharp (*not going to ask*): but Greeks had more than major and minor called modes. - Scales: manly, feminine, passionate Musical pervaded all aspects of Greek society: Olympic Games - Music competition in Olympic games in Ancient Greece - Virtuosic: it means music that is really hard - Virtuosic instrumentalists and singers competing, not necessarily for beauty but for impressiveness Greek Drama (‘Greek Chorus’) - Sang at least part of the Greek Drama that imitated their real life - Chorus is usually the moral police in the drama Two basic type of instruments: One kind of harp/guitar like The other flute-ish o Characteristics of Greek Music Monophonic texture (NO HARMONY) Rhythm was dictated by the rhythm of words (NO METER) Music was patterned and formulated after speech and the flow of the words Many scale options (other than major/minor), each suggesting a mood Vocal AND instrumental music Instrumental still imitated speech patterns
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o Epitaph of Seikilos Written on a tomb, little song because he died Starts and ends abruptly because only half survived o Middle Ages Only sacred music has survived – Schola cantorum Talking about the church – Chruch is main body that kept music going… only few secular (non-Church) music but not written down Certain priests were sent to Schola cantorum (singing school) to learn which things to sing in services Gregorian chant Pope named Gregory around the time this music was being collected and every Church used on Sunday Monophonic texture (NO HARMONY) Only voices, no instruments - Instruments bad Stepwise melodic motion - No jumps, pitches that were close together… one note flowed into the next Neither meter nor recurring rhythms - Rhythm determined by Latin text Syllabic vs. Melismatic - Stifled creativity, only certain things could be written for church - Only creativity was to mess around with the syllables - Syllabic: one note per syllable - Meslismatic: lots of notes per syllable
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Exam Two Notes - Exam Two o Ancient Greece Middle Ages and...

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