HinduismSanatana Dharma –The Eternal Way of LifeThe world's oldest religionHas no beginning - no human founder It predates recorded history
BeliefIn Hinduism, there is only one reality, often identified as Brahman. (Monotheistic) Brahman is formless - has no gender - is theInfinite Being- omniscient, omnipresent, omnipotentRepresentations of Divinity are many –Concept of Desired deity- Ishta DevataSeveral gods worshipped as one’s own desired deity in order to reach the one Supreme Brahman –hence seen as Polytheistic-Ekam Sat Vipraah Bahudhaa Vadanthi- The truth is one, the wise call it in different ways.
Vedas•Véda- "knowledge“•Oldest scriptures of Hinduism -around 3000 BC called śruti("what is heard")Four Vedas –•Rigveda •Yajurveda •Samaveda•Atharvaveda
Natya Shastra•Ancient mammoth treatise called the Natya Shastra-the Science of Dramatics, written by the sage Bharata around the second century BC in Sanskrit attesting to the fact that the arts of dance, drama, and music were fused into one.•37 chapters dealing with topics such as the creation of the dramatic arts (Natya), its purpose, the modes of presentation, modes of communication (Abhinaya), the movements of the entire body, major and minor parts codified in verses, postures and gaits of the body, rules for recitation, embellishments of speech, types of plays, expression of emotions , concept of Rasa, types of male and female characters, music, types of instruments, notes and melodic structures, place of songs in natya, rituals in presentation, etc.