Ch 1-2 definitions

Ch 1-2 definitions - Chapter 1 Recall election attempt to...

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Chapter 1 Recall election – attempt to remove an official from office before completion of the term Primary election – preliminary election that narrows the number of candidates by determining who will be the nominees in the general election General election – final election that selects the office holder Initiative – proposed laws or state constitutional amendments placed on the ballot via citizen petition Referendum – a law or state constitutional amendment that is proposed by a legislature or city council but does not go into effect unless the required majority of voters approve it Proposition – a shorthand reference to an initiative or a referendum Government – the institution in society that has a “monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force” Aristocracy – government by a few leaders made eligible by birthright Oligarchy – government by a few who gain office by means of wealth, military power, or membership in a single political party Democracy – system in which governmental power is widely shared among the citizens, usually through free and open elections Direct democracy – type of democracy in which ordinary people are the government, making all the laws themselves Representative democracy – an indirect form of democracy in which the people choose representatives who determine what government does Prospective voting – voting on the basis of a candidate’s policy promises for the future Retrospective voting – voting on the basis of the past performance of the incumbent politician
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Ch 1-2 definitions - Chapter 1 Recall election attempt to...

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