Global Insurgency Paper

Global Insurgency Paper - 1 Rob D'Angelo PoliSci 430.02...

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1 Rob D’Angelo PoliSci 430.02 Global Insurgency Professor Fowler American Revolution vs. The Insurgency in Iraq Throughout decades people have taken political action over oppression and different ideologies in the form of insurgencies. When people hear the term insurgency today nearly all would think of rebellion towards a governing body. In a sense this is true, but the way in which they operate are much deeper and complex than people realize. These groups do not have the same capability as a regular standing army, such as the United States’ Armed Forces, in terms of firepower, numbers, and technology. They do however make up for these disadvantages by the manner in which they operate. These insurgent forces have made an impact all over the globe and for hundreds of years. It has changed the face of what is considered conventional warfare. The United States of America, arguably the only world super-power left, started its rise to the top as an insurgency. Colonial rebels formed rag-tag militias made up from an eclectic group of men fighting for a similar cause, freedom from the British (which at the time was considered the most powerful nation in the world). Similarly, today the United States finds themselves in a parallel position with the British some two hundred and forty years prior, with their fight against Iraqi insurgents. The technology involved and military strategy implemented may be different, but the principle of an insurgency remains the same. An insurgency does not just happen it is a process that can take years to be put into motion. In the case of the American Revolution, the colonies faced over a decade of
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2 oppression and military presence before militia men organized, albeit loosely, to rise up and fight the British Army. The prelude to the American Revolution began with the Proclamation of 1763, signed by King George III. This locked colonists into settling only on territory east of the Appalachian Mountain Range. This is a rather quiet proclamation by the British government, however it does give a small spark to the radicals in the colonies now that wish to break free from the rule of the crown. By March of 1765, the air was ripe with rebellion, the Sugar Act (1764) was levied a year prior and Boston resident James Otis, raised the issue of “taxation without representation”, a bold move by a colonist. The legislation that truly brought the colonists to action was the Stamp Act (1765); this was the first direct tax by the English Parliament on the colonies. This tax would not be used by the colonies but be used in England. (History Place – Prelude to Revolution) What can be considered a direct result from the Stamp Act was the formation of the Sons of Liberty. The Sons of Liberty was an underground organization dedicated to the idea of abolishing British levied taxes that had no direct attachment to the colonies. At this point colonists are not to the point of revolution or full out insurgency. The Sons
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course POLSC 400 taught by Professor Fowler during the Spring '06 term at Roger Williams.

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Global Insurgency Paper - 1 Rob D'Angelo PoliSci 430.02...

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