POLICY ESSAYS Enhancing productivity in Bangladesh’s garment sector Current policy and research debates Dirk Willem te Velde (ed.) September 2014 degrp.sqsp.com @degrp_growth DEGRP Policy Essays bring together the latest thinking on growth policy in low-income countries from leading researchers and decision-makers around the globe. sofie tesson | taimani films / world bank
Enhancing productivity in Bangladesh’s garment sector Current policy and research debates Dirk Willem te Velde (ed.) The DFID-ESRC Growth Programme (DEGRP) funds world-class scientific research on issues relating to economic growth in low-income countries (LICs), with high potential for impact on policy and practice.
CONTENTS 1 Introduction and overview 2 Mapping productivity change: across sectors, across firms and within firms Overview Enhancing productivity in Bangladesh’s garment sector The DFID-ESRC Growth Research Programme event 3 Managing for efficiency in the garment sector 4 Transformation of the export-oriented, ready-made garment sector of Bangladesh: changes, challenges and the future outlook 5 The Bangladeshi garment sector in the liberalised market: is upgrading needed? 8 Challenges of economic growth and transformation in Bangladesh 12 Practical examples: the garment sector in Mauritius and Pakistan 6 Structural transformation of the garment sector in Mauritius in the 1990s 7 Restructuring of the textile and clothing sector in Pakistan 20 26 4
1 Introduction and overview Dirk Willem te Velde, Overseas Development Institute (ODI) 2 Mapping productivity change: across sectors, across firms and within firms Dirk Willem te Velde, Overseas Development Institute (ODI) Overview © ilo / muntasir mamun
In early 2014, the DFID-ESRC Growth Research Programme (DEGRP) and the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) hosted a policy dialogue (CPD, 2014; DEGRP, 2014a; DEGRP, 2014b) in Dhaka, entitled “Challenges of Economic Transforma- tion and Growth in Bangladesh”. This was organised in part around a DEGRP project led by Prof. Woodruff (Warwick University) on the effect of female managers on firm-level produc - tivity in the ready-made garments (RMG) sector in Bangladesh (see the summary of the debate – essay 8). This set of essays highlights a range of contri- butions made to the policy dialogue and sets the DEGRP research in the wider academic and policy context of productivity change and garments in Bangladesh. It argues that whilst Bangladesh has developed a large garment sector, sustaining long-term benefits from the sector will be dependent on addressing issues relating to social compliance (after a number of recent industrial incidents such as Rana Plaza), and productivity enhancements across the sector and economy. It suggests this can be done by implementing firm support schemes such as improved management training and using special economic zones to upgrade the sector and economy. This can be successful as long as there is good quality co-ordination amongst stakeholders.
- Summer '15
- garment sector