Chapter 8 Review 2

Chapter 8 Review 2 - Chapter 8 Notes Ed Smith- Feature...

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Chapter 8 Notes Ed Smith- Feature Comparison Model Stage 1 cpmpares all features of subject and predicate terms to determine featural similarity; automatic Stage 2 compares defining features of predicate t those of subject; controlled processing Ex. Cat is a pencil=low similarity (false) Ex. Cat is an animal=high similarity (true) Adv. Explains typicality effect Explains how we process difficult examples Dis. Poor definition Assumes independence of features Eleanor Rosch- Prototype Approach Prototype Approach think of terms as an ideal example Ex a robin may be more like the prototype bird rather than an ostrich. Levels of Categorization Superordinate=”furniture” (higher level, more general) Basic= “chair” (we think about this most often) Subordinate=”lazy-boy recliner” (lower level) -prototype approach has a graded structure , which is beginning with the most prototypical members and continuing through the category’s nontypical members. Adv. Typicality effects Range of different response time results Dis. Can’t explain it all Ex. Tree experts think of tall trees whereas novices think of common tree names James McClelland- PDP Connectionist Model PDP Connectionist Approach to Categorizaton – activation flows through networks that link together a large number of simple neuron-like units. Can help when
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Chapter 8 Review 2 - Chapter 8 Notes Ed Smith- Feature...

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