Chapter 6 Review - Chapter 6 Memory Strategies Names Ed Geiselman Cognitive Interview Key Concepts Misinformation Effect Tendency of a witness to

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Chapter 6- Memory Strategies Names: Ed Geiselman - Cognitive Interview Key Concepts: Misinformation Effect Tendency of a witness to recall things that had been inaccurately given to them in the process of questioning Feed people misinformation and they will mis-recall it as accurate later Eyewitness Testimony Details can be sketchy Witnesses very much influenced by line of questioning (misinformation effect) Low correlation between accuracy of memory and confidence in that memory Huge weight to this form of testimony 2% convictions involving eyewitness accounts 74% convictions when eyewitness was the only form of evidence! Photo-fit reconstructions of suspects- terrible result when pieced together Many times clothing alone influences eyewitnesses Lineup studies suggest similar clothes will lead to innocent people being chosen in police lineups Face memory tends to be poor overall Picture drawing of coins in the experiment Coin recall appears to be based mostly on a schema for a general U.S. coin Schemas tend to suggest that what we recall is not literally what we experience, but rather what we abstract from the experience- lose details but get gist of coins What is involved in the “standard police interview” discussed in lecture? An open-ended question is asked (“Remember as much as possible.”) Followed by short direct questions that are related to the details of the event. What are some problems with the “standard police interview”? People don’t recall everything up front, leaving out details People may be swayed by leading questions in the direct question situation. 29.40 correct statements out of 50- lowest results of the 3 processes (no differences in erroneous statements) What is involved in the hypnosis interview? People undergo hypnosis by a trained hypnotist. People are then questioned.
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course CGS 3361 taught by Professor Krawczyk during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.

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Chapter 6 Review - Chapter 6 Memory Strategies Names Ed Geiselman Cognitive Interview Key Concepts Misinformation Effect Tendency of a witness to

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